Gerba Leta Dufera

Research themes
  • Social and cultural change and adaption
Research countries
  • Ethiopia
Research topic
The Ethiopian Agricultural Extension System and its Role as a \'Development Actor\': The case of Bako-Tibe and Yem Woredas, Southwest Ethiopia
Additional information

My study is financed by BiomassWeb project WP: 7.1 Follow the Innovation for Southwest Ethiopia.

Professional experience

Research and development experiance with national and international research and development organizations.

Degrees

BSc. in Plant Science and MSc in Agronomy

Thesis title

The Ethiopian Agricultural Extension System and its role as a “Development Actor”: the case of Bako-Tibe and Yem Woredas, South-western Ethiopia

Thesis abstract

Ethiopia is the second largest populated country in Africa with more than 85% of its population living in rural areas depending mainly on agriculture. The history of agricultural extension goes back to early 1950s. Although agricultural extension has been largely implemented since the 1960s and early 1970s under the Comprehensive Package Programs, the level of technology adoption was rather low. Top-down approaches followed to transfer innovations were made responsible for the low level of adoption and impact. Participatory approaches in agricultural research and extension systems have been emphasized in the last decades by the Ministry of Agriculture, though translation into reality still remains to be questionable. Lack of development agents’ social and technical skills, knowledge and motivation for implementing agricultural extension is reported. However, the demand side of agricultural extension system including the reasons for rejection of technologies, the structure of the federal agricultural extension system (AES) and its interplay with the regional actors and the immense and dynamic roles of development agents are not well-known. The aim of this study is, therefore, to analyze and understand the structure and function of the agricultural extension system in Ethiopia and to contribute to the understanding of the system. Mixed methods approaches will be used to conduct the study in two regions. Focused group discussion with farmers, semi-structured interviews with stakeholders and questionnaire survey will be used for data collection. Grey and other secondary data and desk analysis of literature will be made to augment and triangulate with the primary data. Based on this study, the challenges and potentials of the Ethiopian agricultural extension system will be identified; regional differences in the implementation strategy, roles, motives and interest of development agents and the variation amongst farmers’ adoption of innovations will be learned. Eventually, agricultural extension system in Ethiopia will be defined and how the system evolves will be understood.

 

 

 

 

Doctoral research funded by

BiomassWeb project,WP 7.1: Follow the Innovation-Collective learning, change adaptation and transition management.

Supervisors of
doctoral work

Prof. Dr. Anna-Katharina Hornidge, Prof. Dr. Christian Borgemeister and Prof. Dr. Kristof Van Assche

Advisor at ZEF

Advisor: Dr. Girma Kelboro and Dr. Till Stellmacher

2014

Dereje Duressa, Debela Kenea, Wakgari Keba, Zelalem Desta, Gutema Berki, Gerba Leta, Adugna Tolera. 2014. Assessment of livestock production system and feed resources availability in three villages of Diga district Ethiopia. Download [PDF | 2.35MB]
Further Information
Peter Thorne (ILRI), Kindu Mekonnen (ILRI), Gerba Leta (ILRI), Zelalem Lema (ILRI), Abiyot Aragaw (CIP) and Gebrehiwot Hailemariam (CIP). 2014. Using the Sustainable Livelihood Assets Evaluation (SLATE) in Ethiopia: Africa RISING participatory research toolkit. Download [PDF | 271.61KB]

2013

Leta Gerba, Belay Getachew, Worku Walelign. 2013. Nitrogen fertilization effects on grain quality of durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum) varieties in central Ethiopia. Vol.4, No.3: 1-8. (Open Access) Download [PDF | 460.58KB]
Further Information
Leta, G., A. Duncan and A. Abdena. 2013. Desho grass (Pennisetum pedicellatum) for livestock feed, grazing land and soil and water management on small-scale farms.. Download [PDF | 210.41KB]
Further Information

2012

Dagnachew, L., K.Wakgari , A. Degefa, K. Degefa, M. Negash, K. Mekonnen, G. Leta and A. Duncan. 2012. Optimizing livelihood and environmental benefits from crop residues in smallholder crop-livestock systems in western Oromia: PRA case studies conducted across eight villages around Nekemte, Ethiopia. Download [PDF | 2.26MB]
Further Information
Zerihun Abebe, Girma Aberra, Lelise Ararsa, Ajabush Defar, Bayisa Gedefa, Gerba Leta, Mulugeta Habtemichael and Kibruyesefa Sisay.. 2012. Matching land and water interventions with community needs: Report of community focus group discussions in four watersheds in Ethiopia. Download [PDF | 1.55MB]
Further Information

CCURRICULUM VITAE

I. PERSONAL DATA

A. CIVIL STATUS

Full name: Gerba Leta Dufera

Nationality: Ethiopian

Birthdate: 30 May 1969

Marital status: Married and father of two girls

Address: Development and Knowledge Sociology, ZMT, Bremen

Mobile phone: 0152 15058065

E-mail: gerba.leta@leibniz-zmt.de / letagerba@gmail.com

 

B. LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY

Language Proficiency

(Understanding Speaking Writing)

Afan Oromo Mother tongue

Amharic Proficient user

English Proficient user

II. EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

Institution Type of degree

/ diploma / obtained Year of graduation Type of education (specialization)

University of Hawassa

-MSc. 2006 Plant Science (Agronomy) with distinction

Debub University

-BSc. 2001 Plant Production & Dry land Farming (PPDF)

- Diploma (1988) General Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, Awassa College of Agriculture with distinction.

 

III. EMPLOYMENT AND WORK EXPERIENCE

1. PhD candidate at ZMT /ZEF, Department of Political and Cultural Change (ZEF A) Since October 2014.

2. International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)-International Water Management Institute (IWMI)

Position & work place: Senior Research Assistant, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Duration: since May 2010 –April 30 2014

3. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (FAO), Ethiopia

Position and work place: National Expert, Watershed Management, SLM project in Kafa, Ethiopia.

Duration: 11 October 2006-June 10, 2009

4. International Livestock Research Institution (ILRI)

Position and work place: Research and Development Assistant, ILRI-IPMS project, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia.

Duration: August 2005 to February 2006

5. Ethiopia Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR)

Position and work place: Assistant Researcher II, Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization (EARO), Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center.

Duration: December 2001-August 2005

6. Former career in Ministry of Coffee and Tea that latter merged to Ministry of Agriculture, and in Oromia Irrigation Authority (at various capacity from extension agent to district head, 1989-1998).

IV. LIST OF PUBLICATIONS

 

Thesis:

• Nitrogen fertilization effects on yield and grain quality of durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L var. durum) varieties in central Ethiopia

Journal Article:

• Gerba Leta, Getachew Belay and Walelign Worku. 2013. Nitrogen Fertilization Effects on Grain Quality of Durum Wheat (Triticum turgidum L. Var. Durum) Varieties in Central Ethiopia. Agricultural Sciences Journal. Vol.4, No.3, 123-130 (2013) doi:10.4236/as.2013.43019. www.SciRP.org/journal/as

• Ogunwole JO, Sharma BR, McCartney MP, Zemadim B, Leta G (2014) Land Use Impact on Soil Physical Quality and Soil Structure in Three Highland Watersheds of Ethiopia. Adv. Plants Agric. Res 1(4): 00019. dx.doi.org/10.15406/apar.2014.01.00019

 

Proceedings:

• Rezene Fessehaie and Gerba Leta. 2003. Weed Research in Highland Food Legumes of Ethiopia. In: The Second National Workshop on Food and Forage Legumes in Ethiopia, 22-26 September 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

• Zemadim, B., M., Matthew, R. S. Bharat, J. Ogunwole, G. Leta and S. Bekele. 2011. Integrated rain water management strategies in the Blue Nile Basin of the Ethiopian highlands. International Conference on Ecosystem Conservation and Sustainable Development (ECOCASD), 10-12 February 2011, Ambo University, Ethiopia.

 

ILRI/IWMI Report:

• Dagnachew, L., K.Wakgari , A. Degefa, K. Degefa, M. Negash, K. Mekonnen, G. Leta and A. Duncan. 2012. Optimizing livelihood and environmental benefits from crop residues in smallholder crop–livestock systems in western Oromia: PRA case studies conducted across eight villages around Nekemte, Ethiopia.

• Pfeifer, C., Z. Abebe, G. Aberra, L. Ararsa, A. Defar, B. Gedefa, G. Leta, M. Habtemichael, K. Sisay.2012. Matching land and water interventions with community needs: Report of community focus group discussions in four watersheds in Ethiopia. ILRI, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

• Dereje Duressa, Debela Kenea, Wakgari Keba, Zelalem Desta, Gutema Berki, Gerba Leta, Adugna Tolera.2014. Assessment of livestock production system and feed resources availability in three villages of Diga district Ethiopia.

• Thorne, P. (ILRI), Kindu Mekonnen (ILRI), Gerba Leta (ILRI), Zelalem Lema (ILRI), Abiyot Aragaw (CIP) and Gebrehiwot Hailemariam (CIP).2014. Using the Sustainable Livelihood Assets Evaluation (SLATE) in Ethiopia: Africa RISING participatory research toolkit.

 

Briefs:

• Leta, G., A. Duncan and A. Abdena. 2013. Desho grass (Pennisetum pedicellatum) for livestock feed, grazing land and soil and water management on small-scale farms. IWMI/NBDC. www.nilebdc.org

 

C. OTHER SKILLS

• Computer literacy and knowledge of statistical software (ATLAS.ti, GenStat, SPSS, SAS, SLATE, FEAST)

• Valid third grade driving license

 

References:

 

1. Prof. Dr. Anna-Katharina Hornidge

Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Ecology (ZMT) & University of Bremen, Institute of Sociology, Social Sciences (Head), Germany

anna-katharina.hornidge@leibniz-zmt.de

 

2. Prof. Dr. Christian Borgemeister

Executive Director, Center for

Development Research (ZEF)

Department: ZEF C

University of Bonn

Tel. +49 228 73 1866

Email: cb@uni-bonn.de

 

3. Prof. Dr. Kristof Van Assche

University of Alberta, Planning, Governance and Development, Canada

vanassch@ualberta.com

 

 

I hereby declare that the information I gave above is true to the best of my knowledge.

 

Name: Gerba Leta Dufera

Signature: ____________

Date ¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬30 March, 2015

Junior Researcher

E-Mail:
letagerba(at)gmail.com; gerbaleta(at)yahoo.com

Department:
ZEF a