Dr. Papa Sow

Country of current residence



Social Scientist


Papa Sow, Elina Marmer and Jürgen Scheffran. 2016. En Route to Hell: Dreams of Adventure and Traumatic Experiences Among West African “Boat People” to Europe. In: Lynda Mannik (eds.): Migration by Boat. Discourses of Trauma, Exclusion and Survival. Berghahn. 290 . Download [PDF | 150.89KB]
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Adaawen Stephen A., Vanessa Dreier and Papa Sow. 2015. Migration and Natural Resource Scarcity Within the Context of Climate Change in West Africa, Issue 3, Vol. 1, June 2015. Download [PDF | 425.98KB]
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Julia Großmann and Papa Sow. 2015. Interview mit Papa Sow: Senegal Das weiße Gold des Lac Rose, in GEO.de. Download [PDF | 312.16KB]
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Scheffran, J, Elina Marmer and Papa Sow. 2015. Migration for Climate Adaptation, in KlimaNavigator-Climate Service Center, GERICS, Hamburg-Germany. Further Information
Sow, Papa. 2015. “Zwischen den Zeilen lesen. Der westliche Diskurs über. Entwicklungszusammenarbeit und Kooperation mit Afrika“, pp. 39-53, Kapitel 1.3. In: Marmer, Elina und Papa Sow 2015 (eds.): Wie Rassismus aus Schulbüchern spricht - Kritische Auseinandersetzung mit Afrika-Bildern und Schwarz-Weeiß-Konstruktionen in der Schule, Ursachen, Auswirkungen und Handlungsansätze für die pädagogische Praxis, 284 Seiten. ISBN:978-3-7799-3323-6. . Download [PDF | 166.10KB]
Sow, Papa. 2015. Migration as an "opportunity", in Critical noises Searchers unlimited WHH Addis Ababa, WHH. Download [PDF | 5.80MB]
Sow, Papa. 2015. Climate induced Migration: COP21 needs to focus on African Youth, WHH Blog Was uns Bewegt.. Further Information
Sow, Papa, Elina Marmer and Jurgen Scheffran. 2015. Between the heat and the hardships. Climate change and mixed migration flows in Morocco. Migration and Development, : 1-23. (Open Access) Download [PDF | 203.42KB]
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Caitlin, Henry. 2014. Book Chapter Review: The International Handbook on Gender, Migration and Transnationalism:Global and Development Perspectives, edited by Laura Oso and Natalia Ribas. Reviewed by Caitlin Henry, Department of Geography, University of. Download [PDF | 143.16KB]
Sow, Papa, Stephen Adaawen and Jurgen Scheffran. 2014. Migration, Social Demands and Environmental Changes Amongst the Frafra of Northern Ghana and Biali in Northern Benin. Sustainability , 6 (1): 375-398. (Open Access) Download [PDF | 568.05KB]
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Bledsoe, H. Caroline and Papa Sow. 2013. Back to Africa: Second Chances for the Children of West African Immigrants (second version), in The International Handbook on Gender, Migration and Transnationalism. Global and Development Perspectives. Edited by Laura Oso and Natalia Ribas Mateos, Universidade da Coruña, Spain. Further Information
Marmer, Elina and Papa Sow. 2013. African History Teaching in Contemporary German Textbooks: From Biased Knowledge to Duty of Remembrance. Yesterday and Today, 10: 49-76. Download [PDF | 1.39MB]
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Scheffran, Jurgen, Elina Marmer and Papa Sow. 2012. Migration as a contribution to resilience and innovation in climate adaptation: Social networks and Co-developement in Northwest Africa. Applied Geography 33, : 119-127. Download [PDF | 900.36KB]
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Sow, Papa. 2012. Uncertainties and conflicting environmental adaptation strategies in the region of the Pink Lake, Senegal. ZEF WORKING PAPER SERIES 101. Download [PDF | 1.12MB]
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Sow, Papa and Elina Marmer. 2012. Salt and trade at the Pink Lake: Community subsistence in Senegal. In: Bollier David and Silke Helfrich (eds.): The Wealth of Commons. A World beyond Market and State. The Commons Strategies Group and Levellers Press. 272-276. Further Information


Bledsoe C; P: Sow. 2011. Family reunification Ideals and the Practice of Transnational reproductive Life among Africans in Europe. In: Browner H: C and C. F. Sargent (eds.): Reproduction, Globalization and the State: New Theoritical and Ethnographic Perspectives. Duke University Press / Durham and London. 175-191. Further Information
Bledsoe, H. Caroline and Papa Sow. 2011. Back to Africa: Second chances for the children of West African Immigrants. Journal of Marriage and Family , 73: 747 – 762 . Download [PDF | 526.72KB]
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Marmer, E, D. Marmer, L. Hitoni and Papa Sow. 2010. Racism in German Schools and the Image of Africa in German Textbooks. International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, Volume 10: 1-14. Download [PDF | 654.30KB]
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Sow, Papa. 2010. Grassroots tontines in moments of crisis. WALKIN Open University of Catalonia, Spain, 06-2010: 70-75. Download [PDF | 5.76MB]
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Sow, Papa. 2010. La Diaspora comunica, o cómo hacer el codesarrollo mediante el teléfono móvil y el email. Ejemplos de los senegaleses en Catalunya, Spain.. In: Garreta Jordi and Xesco Guillem (eds.): Migraciones y Desarrollo. El codesarrollo: del discurso a la práctica. Anthropos, Migraciones Proyecto Editorial por Carlota Solé. 151-182. Further Information


Sow, Papa and R. Alissoutin. 2009. ICT and co-development in Senegal and Catalonia. In: Fernandez-Ardevol and Adela Ros (eds.): Communication and Technologies in Latin America and America: A multidisciplinary perspective. IN3 Spain. 319-342. Download [PDF | 111.28KB]
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Bledsoe H. Caroline, Rene Houle and Papa Sow. 2007. High Fertility Gambians in Low Fertility Spain: The Dynamics of Child Accumulation across Transnational Space. : 375-412 . Download [PDF | 267.34KB]
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Sow, Papa and K. Tete. 2007. African popular savings and fundraising in Catalonia, Spain: Types and forms of Underground economy. Download [PDF | 738.84KB]
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Sow, Papa. 2005. Forms and saving behaviours of Senegalese and Gambians in Catalonia (Spain). Géographie et Cultures (French edition), 56: 39-56. Further Information


Sow, Papa. 2004. Esposas de inmigrantes senegaleses y gambianos en Cataluña (España): entre vida familiar y vida profesional. Revista Documents d'Anàlisi Geogràfica, 43: 69-88. Download [PDF | 110.58KB]
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Sow, Papa. 2004. Prácticas transnacionales y espacios de acción (wáar) de los Senegaleses en España. In: Ángeles Escrivá and Natalia Ribas (eds.): Migración y Desarrollo. CSICPoliteya. 235-254. Download [PDF | 128.89KB]
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Sow, Papa. 2002. The Salt collectors of the Pink Lake, Senegal. History of a social female innovation. Géographie et Cultures, 41: 93-113. Further Information

Research themes
  • Governance
  • Gender
Research countries
  • Spain
  • France
  • Burkina Faso
  • Ghana
  • Kenya
  • Benin
  • Senegal
  • U.K.
  • Gambia
Working groups

Dr. Sow has integrated the WASCAL-West African Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use- since earlier October 2011.


Teaching activities in West Africa are:

-Migration Theories

-Quantitative Methods

-Questionnaire Design

-Research Ethics and Postcolonial Studies

-Climate Change and Drivers of Migrations in West Africa

-Dynamics of Change amongst African Migrants and their Children in Europe

Additional Information:

He is currently working on Population dynamics issues with special links to African migrations and climate variabilities/uncertainties.

Tutorship of doctoral candidates

Stephen Adaawen (from Ghana)

Migration from and to the north of Ghana: historic paths in confrontation with environmental risks (Dr. Adaawen defended his PhD thesis in August 2015 at the Institute for Geography, University of Bonn, Germany)

Bukari Kaderi (PhD Student, from Ghana)

Farmer-Fulani Herder Relations in Ghana: Interplay of Environmental Change, Conflict, Cooperation and Social Networks, Institute for Ethnology (University of Gottingen) and ZEF (University of Bonn)

Willis Okumu (PhD Student, from Kenya)

Cattle Raids, Violence and Pastoralists Livelihoods in Northern Kenya-the Case of the Turkana and Samburu Communities, (University of Cologne) and ZEF (University of Bonn).

Vanessa Y. Dreier (Master Student University Bonn)

Environmental Migration in Sub-Saharan Africa. A case study on Bialaba Migrants from Northern Benin to Nigeria in search of Productive Land. (Vanessa Dreier defended her Master thesis in June 2014 from the Faculty of Political Science, University of Bonn, Germany).

Tabitha Triphaus (Master student University of Bonn)

Climate Change and drivers of return migration from neighbouring countries to South-West Burkina Faso, Geography Institute (University of Bonn) and ZEF (University of Bonn)

Wendlassida Ouedraogo (Master Student from Burkina Faso)

Climate change, migration and challenges of land use/management in south-western Burkina Faso (West Africa), Department of Geography, Faculty of Arts and Human Sciences, University of Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)

Binta Dansoko (Master Student from Mali)

Environmental change and Human Mobility in the Dano watershed, Burkina Faso, Faculty of Art and Humanities, Department of Geography, Master Programme on Climate Change and Human Security, WASCAL GRP Togo, University of Lomé, Togo.

Constantine Ayikoue Akoko Kouevi (Master Student from Niger)

A Drought-related Migration impacts livelihood in four communities in the North Bank Region of The Gambia: Case studies of Fass Njagga Choi, Amdalai, Torroba aand Njawara, WASCAL Master of Research Program in Climate Change and Education, Farfenni Campus, University of The Gambia.

Ami Kafui Dédé Atikpo (Master Student from Togo)

Climate Change and Human Health in Northern Togo: Cases of water borne diseases in the Kara Region, Training and Research Unit in Social Studies, Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Jennifer Hartmann (Master Student University of Bonn)

Factors driving land use change in the area of Dano, south-western Burkina Faso, Programme: MSc Geography of Environmental Risk and Human Security Module: UM7 Risk Assessment, Geography Institute (University of Bonn) and United Nations University, Bonn, Germany.

Abdoul Haki Maoudé Kassimou (Master Student from Benin)

Impact of Climate-Income on Life Expectancy in Northern Benin, Ecole Nationale de la Statistique et de l’Analyse Economique (ENSAE) and Agence National de la Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD), Dakar Cheikh Anta Diop University, Senegal.

Fulgence Kouamé Kouamé (Master Student from Côte d'Ivoire)

Rainfall estimates by Tamsat Method, Pluviometrical Variability Analysis and its environmental and socio-demographic impacts: Case of Korhogo (Northern Côte d’Ivoire), Remote Sensing and GIS, Option: Climate Environment and Sustainable Development (CE2D), Centre Universitaire de Recherche et d’Application en Télédétection, University Felix Houphet Boigny, Cocody, Abidjan, Ivory Coast.

Mashauri Muliro (Master Student from Congo)

Livelihood resilience of Inland Fishers in the context of Climate Change in Northern Benin, Programme Environmental Risk and Human Security, United Nations University/University of Bonn, Germany.

Mor Tine (Master Student from Senegal)

Women and Development in Climate Change Context: Female Salt-Collectors of the Pink Lake (Senegal), Department of Sociology, Faculty of Arts and Human Sciences, Gaston Berger University, Saint-Louis, Senegal.

Additional information

Dr. Sow has also taken part to many projects and undertaken research in France, Spain, UK, Senegal, Morrroco and The Gambia

Papa Sow

Former Senior Researcher

Private website:

Former Department:
ZEF A: Department of Political and Cultural Change