Marcos Jiménez Martínez

Research themes
  • Land use and food security
  • Renewable energy
  • Ecosystem services
  • Sustainable use of natural resources
  • Biodiversity
  • Food and nutrition
  • Agriculture, land use, climate change
Research countries
  • Ghana
Research projects

BiomassWeb: Improving food security in Africa through increased system productivity of biomass-based value webs

Working groups



Professional experience

Research Assistant - WABES (West African Biodiversity & Ecosystem Services) - Center for Development Research (2021)

Research Assistant - Spatial prediction of the impact of climate change on agricultural pest outbreak risks in sub-Saharan Africa - Center for Development Research (2018)

Research Assistant - WASCAL (West African Science Service Centre on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use) - Center for Development Research (2013)

Secondary School Teacher of Contemporary History - IES Juan del Enzina, León, Spain (2011)

Internship - Analistas Financieros Internacionales (AFI) Department of Regional Economy, Madrid, Spain (2008)


MA Didactics of Geography and History - Universidad de León, León, Spain (2011)

MSc Geographic Information Systems - UNIGIS Association Universitat de Girona, Girona, Spain (2010)

Bachelor in Geography - Universidad de León, León, Spain (2009)

Funding institutions


Thesis title

Spatial-temporal explicit scenario simulation of food and biomass fuel yield dynamics in savanna rural landscapes: a case study in northern Ghana

Thesis abstract

Most of African economies are strongly based on biomass production. The potential of its land to increase the volume of production (by improved seeds, fertilizer management, reduced tillage, optimization of rotational periods, etc…) has being widely evidenced. Furthermore, technological innovations to loose pressure on lands by means of increasing biomass-to-energy conversion efficiency are also continuously developed. Nonetheless, adoption of these improvements is slow and limited due to socio-economic reasons and the uncertainty about the success of innovations because frequently they cannot be easily up-scaled and successfully implemented in any type of agricultural system/region.

This uncertainty regarding the actual impact on regional food security of managerial and technological improvements and land use policies, might be better understood if they are evaluated by the definition of future scenarios through a regional lens. The baseline-data are existing land use maps that discriminate a variety of annual crops. Transition probabilities are estimated from recent land use changes and regional policy plans for the near- and mid-term.

Alternative future landscape configurations are described based on differentiated assumptions about the level of success of policy plans, and the range of biomass provision is drawn up by differentiated assumptions on future agricultural and forestry productivity.

The suite of biomass-based products provided by agricultural land use types is calculated with process-based models. Wood provision at sustainable harvesting levels of both plantation and non-plantation resources is based on extensive literature review on primary production, woodland growth and management methods. The results are presented as nutritional and fuel yields at the regional level, as well as a set of indicators of soil fertility trends.

With the scope on West African savanna agro-ecology, a region facing high socio-environmental risks, this research presents a case study in the Upper East Region of Ghana. The supply-demand analysis of food and energy, as well as environmental trade-off assessment, of alternative future landscapes will be good base to discuss the resilience of the region to face economic and environmental risks. The work-flow designed through this research may be a good guidance for similar analyses to support decision-making processes in regional planning


Supervisors of
doctoral work

Prof. Dr. Christine Fürst

Prof. Dr. Christian Borgemeister


Jiménez Martínez, M.; Fürst, C..  2021.  Simulating the potential of the main rainfed food crop species of Sudanian savanna agro-ecologies to meet social demands.  Land, 10(8)   : 827   . (Open Access)   Further Information
Mwambo, F.M., C. Fürst, C. Martius, M. Jimenez-Martinez, B.K. Nyarko, C. Borgemeister.  2021.  Combined application of the EM-DEA and EX-ACT approaches for integrated assessment of resource use efficiency, sustainability and carbon footprint of smallholder maize production practices in sub-Saharan Africa.  Journal of Cleaner Production, 302(126132)   : 19   . Further Information


Jiménez-Martínez, Marcos, Francis Molua Mwambo, Christine Fürst.  2017.  Alternative landscapes to face land and energy scarcity: Case study in Sudanian Savannah of Ghana.  Tropentag - Future Agriculture: Social-ecological transitions and bio-cultural shifts Further Information
Kleemann, J., E. Celio, B.K. Nyarko, M. Jimenez-Martinez, C. Fürst.  2017.  Assessing the risk of seasonal food insecurity with an expert-based Bayesian Belief Network approach in northern Ghana, West Africa.  Ecological Complexity, 32   : 53-73   . Further Information


Fürst, Christine, Susanne Frank, Marcos Jiménez, Daniel Alejandro Rozas Vásquez, Katrin Pietzsch, and Frank Pietzsch.  2016.  Impacts of agricultural and forest management on biodiversity and ecosystem services.  In: Handbook on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Impact Assessment (eds.): Davide Geneletti. Edward Elgar Publishing.   195-221.  Further Information

Additionals, Curriculum Vitae
and Downloads

Marcos Jiménez Martínez

Junior Researcher

Department :
ZEF C: Department of Ecology and Natural Resources Management