Dr. Varun Gaur

Country of current residence


Current position

Deputy General Manager (Business Development & Partnership)

Current institute employer

energy&meteo systems GmbH



Website current institute



Energy system modelling, virtual power plants


Resource Economist


Renewable power systems expert

Degrees / expertise

Masters of Science in Renewable Energy, University of Oldenburg, Germany

Supervisors of
doctoral work

Prof. Dr. Joachim von Braun

Advisor at ZEF

Dr. Alisher Mirzabaev


Gaur, V..  2018.  Decentralized energy in India and its synergies with water-energy-food security (WEF) nexus.  Doctoral thesis at  Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bonn.  Further Information


Utkur Djanibekov, Robert Finger, Dawit Guta, Alisher Mirzabaev, Varun Gaur.  2016.  A generic model for analyzing nexus issues of households' bioenergy use.  Further Information
Utkur Djanibekov, Varun Gaur.  2016.  Assessing nexus effects of energy use in rural areas: the case of an inter- and intra-household model for Uttar Pradesh, India.  Review


Dawit Guta, Jose Jara, Narayan Adhikari, Chen Qiu, Varun Gaur and Alisher Mirzabaev.  2015.  Decentralized Energy in Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus in Developing Countries: Case studies on successes and failures.  Further Information


Alisher Mirzabaev, Dawit Guta, Jann Goedecke , Varun Gaur, Jan Borner, Detlef Virchow, Manfred Denich and Joachim von Braun.  2014.  Bioenergy, Food Security and Poverty Reduction: Mitigating Tradeoffs and Promoting Synergies Along the Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus.  Further Information

Additionals, Curriculum Vitae
and Downloads
Research themes
  • Methods
  • New Technologies
Research projects
Bio-energy, Bio-economy and Foodsecurity

Masters of Science in Renewable Energy, University of Oldenburg, Germany

Funding institutions

BMZ (German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development)

Thesis title

Decentralized Bioenergy in India and its synergies with Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus

Thesis abstract

India is an overwhelmingly rural country, with a huge reliance on traditional biomass for its energy consumption. Besides its direct impact on health and environment, usage of traditional biomass has serious consequences on the economic and social development of rural households. Biomass energy supply and consumption also affect the general welfare as it may compete for scarce factors (such as land, labor and water) with agriculture particularly food security. Bioenergy plays an intrinsic role in the Water-Energy-Food security Nexus. Modern bioenergy development is considered as an effective tool for strengthening the security of energy supply, reducing carbon emissions and simultaneously offering opportunities for livelihood generation and the overall development. Modern bioenergy is thus at the center of sustainable economic development and the green growth. This makes bioenergy innovations critical for India, and is the motivation for the proposed research. Firstly, by combining both production and consumption decisions of agricultural households (regarding domestic biomass energy use), the proposed study will analyze the drivers for the energy transition from traditional biomass to modern energy sources of different kinds. Secondly, in the context of alternative energy sources it will model the role that modern decentralized bioenergy technologies can play for the energy security of rural Indian households and analyze its direct impact on the income generation for the agricultural households (through biomass fuel supply chains). Under the Food-Energy-Water Nexus, it will then assess the synergies and the impacts that decentralized modern biomass energy technologies/generation have on the agricultural (food) production and the local livelihoods in rural India. For these objectives, a farm household model will be applied to provide new insights for energy policy of the country. For pursuing these objectives, panel data set will be generated through household surveys in the selected region following up on the previous surveys in the region. With one of the lowest electrification rate in the country, huge dependence on traditional biomass, its significant bioenergy potential and agriculture dominant economy, Uttar Pradesh has been selected as the region of study.

Doctoral research funded by

BMZ (German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development)

Supervisors of
doctoral work

Prof. Dr. Joachim von Braun

Advisor at ZEF

Dr. Alisher Mirzabaev

Varun Gaur

Former Junior Researcher

Former Department :
ZEF B: Department of Economic and Technological Change

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