Oyewole Simon Oginni

Research themes
  • Mobility and migration
  • Theories of Development
  • Development Politics
  • Gender
  • Human Rights
  • New Technologies
  • Urbanisation
  • Governance and conflict
Research countries
  • Burkina Faso
  • Ghana
  • Nigeria
  • Cameroon
  • Mali
  • Niger
  • Liberia
  • Chad
Working groups

"ZEF in the City" - ZEF-A research group on everyday urbanity, creativity and the governance of informality in the Global South



Course: WiSe 2022/23: Germany as a Global Actor in Conflict Resolution (Bachelor Philosophy), Uni Bonn

ODSRC (Seminar):

2020 Winter Semester: "Field research in Multilingual settings - cross border analysis in conflict-affected regions" 

2021 Winter Semester: "Field research in Multilingual settings - cross border analysis in conflict-affected regions" 

Professional experience

Forced Displacement Advisor. United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS): Grant and Fund Management Facility for project: “Lives in Dignity – EU Global Facility for Refugees" - Sahel and LCB region. 

Peace and Security Expert, European Union-African Union YCH (EUAUYCH): Mapping Stabilisatioion Vectors in the Lake Chad Basin Region:  social and physical infrastructure mappping, education and health facilities, and capacity building on evidence-based advocacy.  Grants (EuropeAid/163132/DD/ACT/Multi): 2 million Euros project in three LCB countries (2018-Dec. 2021). Institutions: EU and AU. 

Peace and Security Fellow, African Union-European Union Plugin-in Initiative (2017), Brussels-Addis Ababa-Abidjan. AU-EU strategic partnership: AU-EU proposal on youth, migration, peace and security. Achievement: the proposal received a sum of 10 million Euros grants from the EU to implement innovative projects in 17 countries (Africa and Europe).  

Africa Director, World Peace (OWP), Toronto, Canada (2017-2018); coordinated African conflict index expert  and policy advisors; implemented policy advocacy and media reports on peacebuilding and post-conflict transitions in Africa; Deputy Director (2016); Senior Correspondent (2014-June). 

International Election Observer, Carter Centre, Atlanta, USA: International Election Observation Mission in Kenya (2017). 

Junior Researcher WAI/ZEI Praktikanten im Rahmen des Projekts (2016). Nachhaltige regionale Integration in Westafrika und Europa. ZEI Forschungskooperation mit dem West Africa Institute (WAI),Praia, Cabo Verde.  | Data Analyst Associate (2010-2011), Centre of Health Development for Africa, Yola, Nigeria: Hiv/AIDs support projects in 23 LGAs of Adamawa State.


MA (Governance & Regional Integration)

MSc. (Forensic Science: Criminal Investigation)



PCD; conflict analysis and mapping; M and E, partnerships, election forensics

Funding institutions

Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst/German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD)

Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)


Research affiliation

Inistitut, fur Politische Wissenschaft und Soziologie, Universitat Bonn

Thesis title

Humanitarian urbanism: Navigating everyday life in overlapping displacement context in the border cities of the Lake Chad Basin Region

Thesis abstract

In the last few years, the cities around the Lake Chad Basin (LCB) have attracted a huge population of refugees, internally displaced and returnees due to a decade of Boko Haram’s violent extremism. However, these cities are still at the early state of post-conflict transitions, facing multiple challenges that range from weak governance to widespread poverty to unemployment and poor infrastructure, despite the increased aid interventions. Maroua and Mubi are among the small-size cities at the porous borders of Nigeria and Cameroon. Besides having historical, economic and cultural ties that have spanned centuries, the cities have had their shares in the ongoing Boko Haram crisis in the region: they both have once been under the siege of the violent extremist group, and they continue to attract the displaced population from the neighboring communities at the borders of the two countries. As a result of the prolonged period of the crisis, a lot of things have changed in Maroua and Mubi, including the ways in which people develop strategies to cope with uncertainty and reconstruct livelihoods as well as the social and political configurations of the cities.

To this end, I conceptualise the cities as consisting of three spaces: the political, emotional and humanitarian space. Then, I call the spaces, “cityscape”, which are explained as the interface at which ideas, interests and knowledge are constantly contested, negotiated and transformed as a result of the continuous interactions and shared expectations among multiple actors. Situated within humanitarian urbanism, I propose “cityscape” as an analytical frame for understanding how the lives of the people are governed in cities where the exception rules that regulate the refugees/IDPs camps are no longer enforced, or are relaxed due to the overlapping of ‘the space of the camp’ and ‘the space of the city’

Through a multi-sited ethnographic approach that draws on the interpretative paradigm, I seek to explore ‘cityscape’ and its implications for the livelihoods reconstruction in the two cities. To achieve this, more attention will be directed at the ways in which the displaced families cope with the everyday uncertainty associated with protracted displacement and how they relate to alternative future. The main questions of the dissertation are: how can we put into perspective, the temporal and spatial experience of protracted displacement in Mubi and Maroua? What strategies do the displaced families deploy to navigate the social life and reconstruct livelihoods in the cities? How do they cope with everyday uncertainty and risks associated with being and becoming displaced in the cities? How do these experiences shape the ways in which they relate to alternative future? How do the aid interventions contribute to the re-positioning and the thickening of the space of the cities?

Keywords: Alternative Future, Cityscapes, Livelihoods, Urban displacement, Lake Chad

Supervisors of
doctoral work

Prof. Dr. Jörg Blasius, (Director, Inistitut, fur Politische Wissenschaft und Soziologie, Universitat Bonn). 


Oginni, S.O..  2023.  Prisoner’s dilemma: future logics and civilian loyalty in (un)governed space of the Lake Chad Basin.  Forthcoming , .
Oginni, S.O..  2022.  How does political efficacy affect migration choices in food insecure and conflict-affected cities? A causal Double ML approach.  Forthcoming, .
Oginni, S.O..  2022.  The afterlife of camps: future rationalities and transition in protracted urban space.  .


Oginni, O.S., M.P. Opoku, W. Nketsia.  2021.  Crisis at the intersection of four countries: Healthcare access for displaced persons in the Lake Chad Basin.  Ethnicity and Health , 35(5)   : 1-17   . Further Information
Oginni, S.O..  2021.  Arrival or return? Temporality and materiality of transit sites in overlapping displacement context in border cities of the Lake Chad Basin region.  Urban Forum , 33(1)   : 1-22   . (Open Access)   Further Information


MP, Opoku; W, Nketsia; OS, Oginni; SN, Benard, SN; B Alupo,.  2020.  Societal perceptions of counterterrorism in Cameroon: The voices of those far from the battlefield.  Journal of Human Rights, 19(2)   . Further Information
OS, Oginni.  2020.  Towards Black Box Forensic Cybercrime Investigation Model (BBFCIM): Beyond the Rule of Thumb.  In: Information Resources Management Association (eds.): Disruptive Technology: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications. IGI Global.   704-723 (Reprinted).  Further Information
OS. Oginni, MP. Opoku & B.A. Alupo.  2020.  Terrorism in the Lake Chad Region: Integration of Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons.  Journal of Borderlands Studies, 35(5)   : 1-17   . Further Information


MP Opoku, W. Nketsia, E. Agyei-Okyere, OS Oginni & EL Torgbenu.  2019.  Inclusive education in West Africa: predictors of parental attitudes, knowledge and perceived social norms influencing inclusive practices in Ghana and Nigeria.  International Journal of Inclusive Education, 8(23)1-19   . Further Information


BA Alupo, OS Oginni, MP Opoku, EL Torgbenu.  2018.  Psychological experiences of refugees and the response of the community in the Lake Chad region.  Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression, 3(11)   : 215-231   . Further Information
EL.Torgbenu, OS. Oginni, MP. Opoku, W. Nketsia, E. Agyei-Okyere.  2018.  Inclusive practices in Nigeria: Exploring parental attitude, knowledge and perceived social norms influencing implementation.  International Journal of Inclusive Education. , 8(22)   .


OS Oginni, AD Omojowo.  2016.  Sustainable development and corporate social responsibility in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from industries in Cameroon.  Economies, 4(2)   : 1-10   . (Open Access)   Further Information
SO Oginni.  2016.  Reforming Fiscal Policy Towards Inclusive Growth in Africa: From Brown Growth to Green Economy.  OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, 5(9)   : 11-28   . Further Information
SO Oginni, JN Moitui.  2016.  African Renaissance and Pan-Africanism, a Shared Value and Identity among African Nationals.  Africology: The Journal of Pan African Studies, 9(1)   : 39-58   . Further Information


OS Oginni, AD Omojowo.  2015.  The Implementation of Sustainable Business Model among Industries in Cameroon.  OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, 8(11)   : 71-80   . Further Information
SO Oginni, JN Moitui.  2015.  Social Media and Public Policy Process in Africa: Enhanced Policy Process in Digital Age.  Consilience, 1(14)   : 158-172   . (Open Access)   Further Information


JG, El-Maude , A, Mas' ud, N, Mustapha, SO, Oginni.  2014.  Tax Complexity and Tax Compliance in African Self-Assessment Environment.  International Journal of Management Research & Review, 4(5)   : 575-582   . Further Information
OS, Oginni, E Gambo, K Ibrahim.  2014.  Nexus of Gender Pay Gap and Economic Growth: Evidence from Nigeria.  International Journal of Management Sciences and Business Research, 3(4)   : 7-12   . Further Information


OS Oginni, JG El-Maude, M Abba, ME Onuh.  2013.  Electronic payment system and economic growth: a review of transition to cashless economy in Nigeria.  International Journal of Science, Engineering, Technology, 2(9)   : 913-918   . Further Information
OS Oginni, M Abba, JG El-maude, IA Arikpo.  2013.  E-banking and bank performance: Evidence from Nigeria.  International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Technology, 2(8)   : 766-771   . Further Information

Additionals, Curriculum Vitae
and Downloads

Oyewole Simon Oginni

Junior Researcher

Department :
ZEF A: Department of Political and Cultural Change