Arslan Waheed

Research themes
  • Governance and conflict
  • Migration, mobility and urbanization
Research countries
  • Brazil
  • Pakistan
Professional experience

Lecturer (2016-2017), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad

Research Associate (2015-2016), People Empowering and Development Alternatives (PEDA), Islamabad.

Research Fellow (2014-2015), Hanns-Seidel-Stiftung, Islamabad.



2015: MPhil (Pakistan Studies) Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad.

2011: B.A Hons. (Political Science) GC University, Lahore.


Development, Urban Governance, Slums, Public Policy, Discourse Theory, Urban Sociology

Funding institutions

German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD)

Thesis title

Development Discourses and Urban Poor: A Comparative Study of Slums of Islamabad and Brasilia

Thesis abstract

Both cities, Islamabad and Brasilia, are not only capitals of their respective countries but are also widely recognised as the modernist urban projects which symbolically represent the cities of the future and creator of modern history of urban development. Both Islamabad and Brasilia have distinct history of master plans which are influenced by contradictory ideological convictions. The master plan in case of Islamabad reflects the capitalistic orientation of the planners and their association with international institutions like Harvard Advisory Group. On the other hand, Lucio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer, the chief architects of Brasilia, are influenced by a communist model of urban development i.e. CIAM which is discussed in detail by Le Corbusier’s Athens Charter (1943). However, both Islamabad and Brasilia end up having socio-economic segregated spaces and slums in which urban poor are spatially confined. Though the establishment of local governments in Islamabad and Brasilia provided with representative form of governance institutions, yet the major powers, as far as the Master Plan is concerned, lies with a bureaucratic institution making bureaucratic character of development an interesting arena for comparative study of discourses of development and discursive formations of urban poor vis-à-vis neo-liberal and scientific urban development of Pakistan and Brasilia through both representative and bureaucratic character of development.

Supervisors of
doctoral work

Prof. Dr. Jörg Blasius

Advisor at ZEF

Dr. Irit Eguavoen

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Additionals, Curriculum Vitae
and Downloads

Arslan Waheed

Junior Researcher


Department :
ZEF A: Department of Political and Cultural Change