ZEF theme: Ecosystem services

The visible components of ecosystems such as land, water and the diversity of plants, animals, and microbes, are linked by invisible relations and interactions. It is the whole of these components and their interactions that make ecosystems work.

ZEF's research focuses on the ecologically relevant components of the natural resource base and their interrelationships in environments where human-driven changes collide with the need to preserve ecosystems and their functions.