Case studies

The volatility research project has a number of case studies in different countries. There are case study areas include Ethiopia, the ECOWAS region with a specific focus on Ghana, as well as India and Indonesia. In all of these countries a significant part of the population is undernourished. In Ethiopia, being one of the poorest countries of the world, our research focuses on the impact of volatile prices on farmer’s planting decisions, risk management and price expectations. In the ECOWAS region, ZEF analyses how transaction costs influence market integration and evaluate to which extent the region can benefit from common regional food reserves. In Ghana, the role of stockholders and merchants in the market price development as well as the determinants of their decision making are being analyzed. In India, the drivers of wheat and rice production and storage are investigated with a specific focus on how public policies influence the food sector. Another research objective in India is the identification of observable and unobservable factors that determine the food and nutrition security status of vulnerable groups in rural areas including the consideration of seasonality. In Indonesia, a country with a huge number of trade agreements, the impact of trade agreements on food trade and its role to fight food insecurity is being analyzed. In Bangladesh, we investigate the impact of rising farm wages on the adoption of farm machinery including the operation of the rental market of farm machinery in the rural settings.