This list is neither meant to be a complete literature overview on marginality nor pretends to show the latest publications on the topic. It would rather express the personal recommendation of the MARGIP Team on what is worth reading when addressing marginality.



Boddice, Rob. 2009. “Forgotten Antecedents: Entrepreneurship, Ideology and History.” In An Introduction to Social Entrepreneurship: Voices, Preconditions, Contexts, 133–152. Cheltenham & Massachusetts: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Bornstein, David. 2007. How to Change the World: Social Entrepreneurs and the Power of New Ideas. New York: Oxford University Press US.

Dees, J. Gregory. 1998. The Meaning of “Social Entrepreneurship” - Comments and Suggestions Contributed from the Social Entrepreneurship Funders Working Group. Durham: The Fuqua School of Business, Duke University.

Drucker, Peter F. 2006. Innovation and Entrepreneurship.Harper Paperbacks.

Hart, Stuart L. 2005. Capitalism at the Crossroads: The Unlimited Business Opportunities in Solving the World’s Most Difficult Problems. New Jersey: Wharton School Publishing.

Karnani, Aneel. 2007. “The Mirage of Marketing to the Bottom of the Pyramid: How the Private Sector Can Help Alleviate Poverty.” California Management Review 49 (4): 90–111.

M4P. 2008. Making Value Chains Work Better for the Poor: A Toolbook for Practitioners of Value Chain Analysis. Version 3. Making Markets Work Better for the Poor (M4P) Project. UK Department for International Development (DFID). Phnom Penh: Agricultural Development International.

Nicholls, Alex. 2006. Social Entrepreneurship: New Models of Sustainable Social Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Porter, M. E. 2002. “What Is Strategy?” Strategy for Business: A Reader: 10–31.

Porter, Michael E. 1985. Competitive Advantage: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance : with a New Introduction. New York: The Free Press.

Porter, Michael E., and Mark R. Kramer. 2006. “Strategy and Society: The Link Between Competitive Advantage and Corporate Social Responsibility.” Harvard Business Review 84 (2): 78–92.

Schumpeter, Joseph Alois. 1983. The Theory of Economic Development: An Inquiry Into Profits, Capital, Credit, Interest, and the Business Cycle. Reprint. Transaction Publication.

Swedberg, Richard. 2009. “Schumpeter’s Full Model of Entrepreneurship: Economic, Non-economic and Social Entrepreneurship.” In An Introduction to Social Entrepreneurship: Voices, Preconditions, Contexts, 77–106. Cheltenham & Massachusetts: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Ziegler, Rafael. 2009. An Introduction to Social Entrepreneurship: Voices, Preconditions, Contexts. Edward Elgar Publishing.



Alemu, Dawit. 2010. Seed System Potential in Ethiopia. Constraints and Opportunities for Enhancing the Seed Sector. Addis Ababa, Washington: IFPRI.

Central Statistical Agency, Ethiopian Development Research Institute, and International Food Policy Research Institute, eds. 2006.Atlas of the Ethiopian Rural Economy. Addis Ababa, Washington

Schmidt, Emily, and Paul Dorosh. 2009. A Sub-National Hunger Index for Ethiopia: Assessing Progress in Region-Level Outcomes. Ethiopia Strategy Support Program 2. Washington & Addis Ababa: IFPRI & EDRI.

Webb, P., and J. von Braun. 1994. Famine and Food Security in Ethiopia. Lessons for Africa.Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.


Poverty and Marginality

Ahmed, Akhter U., Ruth Vargas Hill, Lisa C. Smith, Tim Frankenberger, and Doris M. Wiesmann. 2007. The World’s Most Deprived: Characteristics and Causes of Extreme Poverty and Hunger. Washington: IFPRI.

Ahmed, Hasan Shareef, and Aga Khan Foundation Canada. 2004. Towards a Profile of the Ultra Poor in Bangladesh: Findings from CFPR/TUP Baseline Survey. BRAC.

Bedi, Tara, Aline Coudouel, and Kenneth Simler. 2007. More Than A Pretty Picture. Using Poverty Maps to Design Better Policies and Interventions. Washington, DC: World Bank.

von Braun, Joachim. 2010. “Extreme Armut - Eine Investitionschance.” KfW Meinungsforum Entwicklungspolitik Juli: 1–2.

Davis, Peter, and Bob Baulch. 2010. “Casting the Net Wide and Deep: Lessons Learned in a Mixed-methods Study of Poverty Dynamics in Rural Bangladesh.” CPRC Working Paper (155).Chronic Poverty Research Center Working Paper.

Gradl, Christina, and Claudia Knobloch.2009. Entwicklungsgeschäfte. Geschäfte Machen Gegen Armut. Berlin: emergia institute.

———. 2010. Inclusive Business Guide: How to Develop Business and Fight Poverty. Berlin, Germany: endeva.

Gurung, Ghana S., and Michael Kollmair. 2005. “Marginality: Concepts and Their Limitations.” IP6 Working Paper 4.

Hamel, G., and C. K Prahalad. 1996. Competing for the Future. Harvard Business Press.

Hickey, S., and A. du Toit. 2007. “Adverse Incorporation, Social Exclusion and Chronic Poverty.” CPRC Working Paper 81.

———. 2009. The Bottom of the Pyramid Strategy for Reducing Poverty: A Failed Promise. DESA Working Paper. New York: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.  » more

Klasen, S. 2008. “Poverty, Undernutrition, and Child Mortality: Some Inter-regional Puzzles and Their Implicationsfor Research and Policy.” Journal of Economic Inequality 6 (1): 89–115.

McDonough, William, and Michael Braungart. 2002. Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things. 1st ed. New York: North Point Press.

Mitchell, J., A. Shepherd, and J. Keane, eds. 2011. Markets and Rural Poverty. Upgrading in Value Chains. London & Washington DC: Earthscan.

Narayan, Deepa. 2000. Voices of the Poor: Can Anyone Hear Us? Washington: World Bank.

Narayan, Deepa, Robert Chambers, Meera K. Shah, and Patti Petesch. 2001. Voices of the Poor: Crying Out for Change. Washington: World Bank.

Narayan, Deepa, and Patti Petesch, eds. 2002. Voices of the Poor: From Many Lands. Washington: World Bank.

Nussbaum, Martha Craven, Amartya Kumar Sen, and World Institute for Development Economics Research. 1993. The Quality of Life. Oxford University Press.

Pogge, T. 2005. “Poverty and Human Rights.” R. Smith and C. Van Den Anker (eds).

Pogge, Thomas Winfried Menko. 2008. World Poverty and Human Rights: Cosmopolitan Responsibilities and Reforms. Polity.

———. 2011. “The Big Idea: Creating Shared Value.” Harvard Business Review January/February.

Prahalad, C. K, and Stuart L. Hart. 2002. “The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid.” Strategy+business.

Prahalad, C. K., and A. Hammond. 2002. “Serving the World’s Poor, Profitably.” Harvard Business Review 80 (9): 48–59.

Prahalad, C.K. 2010. The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid: Eradicating Poverty Through Profits (Revised and Updated 5th Anniversary Edition). New Jersey: Wharton School Publishing.

Sen, Amartya. 1981. Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

———. 1985. Commodities and Capabilities. Oxford: Elsevier.

———. 1999. Development as Freedom. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

———. 2000. Social Exclusion: Concept, Application, and Scrutiny. Asian Development Bank.

Stiglitz, Joseph, Amartya Sen, and Jean-Paul Fitoussi. 2010. Report by the Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress.

duToit, Andries. 2009. “Poverty Measurement Blues. Beyond ‘Q-Squared’ Approaches to Understanding Chronic Poverty in South Africa.” In Poverty Dynamics. Interdisciplinary Perspectives, 225–246. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Vester, Frederic. 2002. Die Kunst, Vernetzt Zu Denken: Ideen Und Werkzeuge Für Einen Neuen Umgang Mit Komplexität. Ein Bericht an Den Club of Rome. Dt. Taschenbuch Verl.

Williamson, O. E. 1985. The Economic Institutions of Capitalism. New York: The Free Press.

World Resource Institute. 2005. The Wealth of the Poor - Managing Ecosystems to Fight Poverty. World Resources Report. Washington: World Resources Institute.

Yunus, Muhammad. 2007. Creating a World Without Poverty: Social Business and the Future of Capitalism. New York: PublicAffairs.