Welcome to LANUSYNCON

At the Science Policy Interface: LANd Use SYNergies and CONflicts within the framework of the 2030 Agenda

How can we use the land that we have most efficiently and thereby allow for human development and reduce the negative impacts on the environment? That is probably one of the most crucial questions we need to answer to ensure the survival of humanity.

In LANUSYNCON, we try to answer this question through the conceptual and practical integration of different perspectives, actors and research disciplines. The insufficient coordination between land use decisions of different political sectors often leads to conflicts of ownership, access and use. This is particularly the case in sub-Saharan Africa, where the pressure on land is increasing. In LANUSYNCON, we examine the complex tradeoffs between different Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Knowledge about decision making and land use will be linked with the SDGs in an innovative way and translated into model-based policy decision and land use scenarios.

Increasingly, Science Policy Interfaces (SPIs) are being established to translate knowledge from science into relevant policy options for policymakers. In LANUSYNCON, we will assess the role of SPIs in land use policies and the capacity of SPIs to consider synergies and conflicts in their work. Thereby, we will identify factors and obstacles to coherent land use in a development context and contribute to a better consideration of synergies and conflicts in political decisions.

LANUSYNCON is a research project funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research.

Contact

Jun-Prof. Dr. Lisa Biber-Freudenberger
(LANUSYNCON Research Group Leader)

Center for Development Research
University of Bonn
Genscherallee 3
53113 Bonn
Germany

Phone: +49 228 73 1726

E-Mail:
lfreuden(at)uni-bonn.de

 

 

LANUSYNCON Survey

You want to know more about the work of LANUSYNCON? Fill out this survey to let us know more about you and your organization. 

We will use this information to engage with interested colleagues, potential partners and all kinds of stakeholders from various organizations and interest groups. Your participation in this survey is completely voluntary and all of your responses will be kept confidential. They will only be used for statistical purposes and will be reported only in an aggregated form. This survey will take approximately 10 minutes to complete. 

News

30 Years Later and We are Still in Climate Limbo

Doctoral researcher Sara Velander shared some reflections from COP27 in Egypt with Tripe Pundit. The article, "Reflections from a Millennial Attending COP27: 30 Years Later and We are Still in Climate Limbo", is now available online: 

"As with every global climate conference across the past three decades, expectations were high at COP27 in Egypt for countries to work with renewed fervor in the collective fight against climate change. The world was watching to see if we would finally make significant progress in two critical areas: phasing out fossil fuels from the global economy to mitigate harmful carbon dioxide emissions, as well as financing adaptation and recovery from loss and damage in the regions most vulnerable to climate change impacts. As a millennial who has now attended five U.N. climate conferences (COPs) across the past seven years, I witness the same story every time:

  • Fossil fuel lobbyists proposing false solutions, and delegates from developed countries touting themselves as leaders of addressing the climate crisis when they are the biggest current and historical polluters. 
  • A blatant disregard of grassroots voices from the Global South bearing the brunt of climate impacts which echo outside the negotiation halls during their daily actions. 
  • Negotiators working arduously day and night rewriting policy documents that would simultaneously satisfy all country, political and economic agendas while effectively and equitably addressing climate change." 

You can find the full article here.

Berlin Science Week - November 1-10, 2022

"The Future Lies in Africa"

November 4th, 2022 11.30 AM - 01.00 PM CEST

Session with MFM Future At Work and the  University of Bonn I Jun.-Prof. Dr.Lisa Biber-Freudenberger, Vincent Moseti, Dr. Juliet Wanjiku Kamau, Dr. Gabin Kouévi Ananou, Prof.Dr. Detlef Müller-Mahn.

The session is part of the Berlin Science Week and will present highlights from joint research projects in colloboration between the University of Bonn and African partners, addressing the following questions: How do African futures become accesible in collaborative scientific research?; What characterizes the possibilities and probabilities of African futures? What can we learn from African experiences in regard to future-making practices? 

The event will take place in-person. Admission is free and registration is required. You can reserve a one or two-day ticket here.

 

Call for Applications: Student/ Scientific Assistant (8-10hrs)

LANUSYNCON and Future Rural Africa.  With a focus on the East and Southern African regions, Lanusyncon aims to integrate different disciplines, perspectives and actors to better understand the nexus between economic development and environment.  In the Collaborative Research Center Future Rural Africa, the teams seeks to understand the role of rural roads investment on livelihoods and environment. For more information, visit Future Roads

Interested candidates should submit their cover letter and CV as one PDF document to vmosetin(at)uni-bonn.de until the 15th of September 2022. For any queries, please contact Mr. Vincent Moseti via vinmoseti(at)gmail.com

You can find more information here: Student/Scientific Assistant 

    

 

UNFCCC Regional Climate week - Side Event

Side Event by ZEF and CSIR: Transformative climate adaptation, land use, and human health in Africa, a NEXUS approach with ZEF Junior Researcher Mahmoud Nady Abdelsabour Mohamed

Monday, August 29 / 12:30 GMT +1

The event will be in Hybrid form. Registration link here: https://indico.un.org/event/1001454/registrations/8577/

Abstract: Improper land use is one of the key contributors to climate change. On the other hand, a total shift in land use is a consequence of transformative adaptation measures for climate change. Human health, another tenet of this link, is instantly harmed. Understanding this node is a key factor in adopting long-term adaptation and resilience strategies for better human health and well-being.
In Africa, climate adaptation plans and land planning are more random and misdirected in vulnerable communities, although they are mostly done to seek immediate, short-term benefits. This is accompanied
by concurrent effects that have a variety of negative or positive implications for human health. Direct and indirect effects on human health are likely under various climate and land-use scenarios. Therefore, it is
necessary to evaluate synergies and trade-offs between various climate measures in terms of land use from one perspective and the effect on human health from another perspective.
At this event, a NEXUS approach to understanding the relationship between transformative climate adaptation, land use, and human health in Africa will be discussed.

You can find more information here: Africa Climate Week 2022

Are certified products making agriculture more sustainable and lift farmers out of poverty?

Sustainability certificates such as, Fair Trade, Rainforest Alliance or the Forest Stewardship Council have become popular among consumers who want to make a contribution to a fairer and more sustainable world. Certification schemes therefore remain a popular private governance approach to promote sustainable production of food and other products.

In short, certification schemes imply that famers can get a premium price for their product when they, in return, follow specific guidelines aiming to improve the sustainability of the production process. It has been argued by multiple organizations that this market-based approach can contribute to biodiversity conservation, be beneficial to whole communities and lift poor farmers out of poverty. But can certification really have this impact and thereby live up to its promises and consumers’ expectations?

A recent study published by scientists from the University of Münster and the University of Bonn, Germany, in the scientific journal Ecological Economics (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2022.107546) shows that this is not  always the case.

The research team analyzed more than 170 published studies on the effects of certification schemes implemented around the world. The researchers explored how the scientific literature evaluates the effectiveness of certification in bio-based global value chains. To this end they grouped them as studies coming to favorable, mixed, or skeptical conclusions about certification. They also analyzed the influence of factors such as the type of certificate, the analyzed sustainability dimension, the study location as well as the data collection method.

“Overall we found a very mixed picture similarly distributed across economic, social, and environmental areas of sustainability, global regions as well as across different types of certificates” says Thomas Dietz, Professor of Politics and Law with a focus on Sustainable Development at the University of Münster and lead author of the study. “But we could also see that more skeptical valuations of certification have increased over time”. The authors state that the overall results point towards a limited success of certification in governing bio-based primary production, dominated by skeptical statements in the literature analyzed when it came to actual sustainability benefits.

“Interestingly, we found that certification schemes were able to improve certain aspects such as income of farmers, but not to lift farmers out of poverty completely. We think  that this might relate, for example, to  the limited possibilities of many farmers to access certification schemes because of high investment costs” says Lisa Biber-Freudenberger, Junior-Professor for Sustainable Development at the Center for Development Research at the University of Bonn and co-author of the study.

The authors conclude that certification has a positive effect, which, however, does not unfold its actual potential because of other, counteracting effects. This was particularly evident in the economic and the social sustainability dimensions. The authors do not argue against certification as an option to improve sustainability of the primary sector but conclude that there is a need for governance measures that consider the dynamics of and between complex social, economic and ecological systems. 

­

This study was published in Ecological Economics Volume 201, November 2022, 107546, see https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2022.107546. For more information, contact Thomas Dietz (thomas.dietz(at)uni-muenster.de) and Lisa Biber-Freudenberger (lfreuden(at)uni-bonn.de).

Call for Applications: Junior Researcher (65%, TVL 13)

The Center for Development Research (ZEF) is looking for a junior researcher. ZEF’s research departments on Economic and Technological Change, Political and Cultural Change, and Ecology and Natural Resources Management conduct inter and transdisciplinary research in, for, and with emerging economies on global issues with its collaborating research partners around the world. 

In the project “The consequences of biodiversity loss and land use change on infectious disease emergence”, we aim to identify common patterns and drivers of epidemic emergence and provide a risk assessment of current and future epidemic outbreaks of zoonotic infectious diseases in Uganda. Based on different probabilistic modelling approaches incorporating data on infection rates from this project, as well as GIS and remote sensing data, socio-economic panel data and host species distribution records, we will define risks for future outbreak probabilities under different land use and policy scenarios.

Interested candidates can send their complete application documents (cover letter, CV, and certificates) in one PDFfile (no more than 2 MB) by August 1st to Ms Melissa Ngombe (mngombe@uni-bonn.de).

You can find more information on the position here: Junior Researcher (65%, TVL 13)

The Role of Land in Sustainable Development: Observing Science Policy at the UN Land Conference

Doctoral researcher Sara Velander shared her insights from her trip tot he 15th Conference of the Parties (COP15) of the UNCCD in her blog post "The Role of Land in Sustainable Development". Read more here: https://blog.zef.de/?p=8117

The Importance of Knowledge Platforms for Sustainable Cities

Doctoral researcher Niklas Wagner shared his experience and insights from his trip to the ICLEI World Conference, as well as the convening IPCC Summary for Policy Makers and looks at why city networks like ICLEI are important for sustainable cities. Read more here: https://blog.zef.de/?p=8101

ECPR General Conference 2022 - The Role of Knowledge in Governance

Doctoral researchers Niklas Wagner and Sara Velander's panel and paper "Bridging Knowledge and Governance through Institutionalized Science-Policy Interfaces" have been accepted for the European Consortium for Political Research's upcoming General Conference. The conference will take place 22-26 August, 2022 at the University of Innsbruck. More information on their panel can be found here: panel details.

 

Looming grain shortages - what role does our meat consumption play?

In 2020, 20% of global grain were fed to livestock, 60% in the EU alone. What role does meat consumption and the choice in grains cultivated have on food security and grain shortages? Junior-Professor Dr. Lisa Biber-Freudenberger discusses this topic in an episode with Bayern 2's "IQ-Wissenschaft und Forschung". Listen to the episode here: https://www.br.de/radio/bayern2/sendungen/iq-wissenschaft-und-forschung/lockerungen-weizen-lockedin-100.html 

 

 

Call for applications: PhD student position (TVL E13, 100%)

The Bonn Sustainable AI Lab is looking for doctoral students to research environmental impacts of artifical intelligence (AI) applications.The position is limited to a fixed contract of four years. The Bonn Sustainable AI Lab is funded by Prof. Dr. Aimee van Wynsberghe’s Alexander von Humboldt Professorship for the Applied Ethics of Artificial Intelligence. The research done in the lab is focused on addressing the often hidden environmental and related social and economic costs of designing, developing, and using AI across society. The research would be co-supervised by Prof. Dr. Aimee van Wynsberghe and Jun-Prof. Dr. Lisa Biber-Freudenberger from the Agricultural Faculty and the Center for Development Research.

Please send your complete application documents  (in one PDF file) by March 31st to info@sustainable-ai.eu with the application code 14/22/3.202. For further information please contact Charlotte Bander, charlotte.bander@uni-bonn.de .

You can find more information on the position here: https://www.uni-bonn.de/de/universitaet/medien-universitaet/medien-arbeiten-an-der-uni/medien-personalmanagement/pdfs-stellenausschreibungen-wiss.ma/14-22-3-202.pdf

What are the consequences of the Ukraine war on food security?⁠

Junior-Professor Lisa Biber-Freudenberger gave her assessment on its impacts on food security and agriculture, highlighting its potential to exacerbate hunger and poverty in the global South, particularly in countries that import a lot of food, and increasing agricultural intensity. ⁠

See the Instagram post by KONSNS here: https://instagram.com/p/Ca6X6q1Nl5I/

 

Why the extinction of species is as dangerous for humanity as the climate crisis

Climate change poses an existential threat to humanity. However, experts believe that the extinction of species poses a similar risk and deserves more of our attention. Find out how the two issues are linked in the following article: "Warum das Artensterben für die Menschheit so gefährlich ist wie die Klimakrise

ZEF Junior-Professor Lisa Biber-Freudenberger co-lead author in next IPBES Nexus Assessment

Junior-Professor Dr Lisa Biber-Freudenberger from the Center for Development Research (ZEF) has been selected as Lead Author for the Nexus Assessment of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES). This thematic assessment will provide policy-relevant knowledge to decision-makers about the interlinkages among biodiversity, water, food and health, and will be prepared by an international and interdisciplinary team of experts over the next 3.5 years, starting in May 2022. “I feel very honored to be selected as one of the authors preparing this important assessment, which will serve as an important basis for future coherent decision making.” says Lisa Biber-Freudenberger. She was nominated by the German Government as well as ZEF to be part of the author team and finally selected by IPBES following a competitive selection process.

Find out more here www.ipbes.net

Connecting Gender and Land-use Science: Why Not?

A group of female researchers who are part of the LANUSYNCON project have studied the relation between gender and land-use science*. Both papers, which were recently approved for a special issue entitled “Women in Land Science” in the Journal of Land-Use Science, stress the critical needs of female researchers in the field of land-use science.

As a result of a meta-analysis based on 316,390 peer-reviewed journal articles published between 2000-2021, the authors found that only 27% of all authors represented women. Besides, the ethnicity representation of the authors was biased towards White researchers (62%) followed by Asian (30%), Hispanic (6%), and Black (2%) researchers. “Less than 1% of all authors represented black women indicating an intersectionality effect of female black authors being part of two marginalized scientific communities” says Hannah Kamau, lead author of one of the studies.

The group decided not only to look at land use science in general but also to understand why men are more successful in publishing and pursuing a scientific career, taking the doctoral program at ZEF as a case study. In an online survey, current and former members of the doctoral program were invited to answer questions about their academic performance during their doctorate, whether or not they had kids, and if they or their partner was in charge of family obligations. They found that particularly female early-career researchers from the Global South faced challenges in balancing academic career and family life. Significantly more women than men in the doctoral program were responsible for family obligations, with mothers experiencing a prolonged duration of completing their doctorates and a lower publication rate.

“Considering these results, we call for supportive actions from academic leaders and funding institutions to empower women, to reduce intersectional inequalities and to support the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals Gender Equality (SDG5) and Partnership for the Goals (SDG17) through gender-sensitive and inclusive international collaboration.” says Sara Velander, lead author of the ZEF case study. Furthermore, the constraints that early-career scientists, particularly mothers, face during their research need to be addressed for institutes to strengthen international gender equality in the field of land science.

The results were also presented and discussed during a workshop on gender-sensitive research at ZEF, organized by the ZEF Gender Group in May of this year. The diffusion of the studies was timely and coincided with the analysis of several senior researchers on the need to address gender inequalities in a more systematic manner along the research cycle. This includes the acknowledgment of the differentiated challenges that female and male researchers face at home, in academic spaces and in the field. Moreover, the contribution of the two studies were highlighted because they constitute a good practice on how to build evidence of the, otherwise, hidden structural disadvantages against female researchers.

* Kamau Hannah, Tran Uyen, Biber-Freudenberger Lisa (in press) “A long way to go: Gender and diversity in Land use science”, Journal of Land Use Science, and Velander Sara, Martinelli Fernanda Silva, Sari Dewi Idam, Ali Fatima, Biber-Freudenberger Lisa (in press) “A dichotomy of domestic and academic pathways: Challenges of motherhood in an international doctoral program on land science” Journal of Land Use Science.

Following the science at COP26: Insights and Observations on the Integration of Scientific Findings in International Climate Policy

Doctoral reseachers Sara Velander and Niklas Wagner wrote a blog post in which they shared their thoughts and observations from COP 26 in Glasgow, Uk. Read it here: https://blog.zef.de/?p=7913

The consequences of biodiversity loss and land use change on infectious disease emergence

LANUSYNCON’s research group leader is set to launch a new project. A new research project funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) will take a look at the role of biodiversity loss and land use change for the emergence of zoonotic infectious diseases in Uganda. The activities will start in spring 2022 and will be conducted by Junior-Professor Dr. Lisa Biber-Freudenberger in collaboration with an international and interdisciplinary consortium from the Charité in Berlin and Makerere University in Uganda. While studies have found that transmission of zoonotic diseases is influenced by biodiversity loss and land use change, there is little knowledge about the initial dynamics of disease emergence. The researchers will study these dynamics by detecting, analyzing and modeling arbovirus infections (those viruses transmitted for example by mosquitoes e.g. Rift Valley fever virus, West Nile virus, Dengue virus, Chikungunya virus, Zika virus or Yellow fever virus), considering land use change, climate change, population density, agricultural activities, as well as biodiversity loss. The team will investigate how and under which conditions viruses were able to infect new hosts including humans or farm animals for the first time (so-called spillover infections) to understand their genetic adjustment. This information will provide the basis to model hot spots of diseases emergence under different climatic and land use change scenarios, and to develop policy recommendations for early detection, effective prevention and risk reduction of zoonotic infectious diseases.

Future Rural Africa – The German Research Foundation is funding a second phase for the Collaborative Research Centre

A partner of LANUSYNCON is moving into the next stage. The Collaborative Research Centre (CRC) Future Rural Africa (www.crc228.de) is being funded for four more years in its second phase from 2022 till 2026. The CRC investigates the socio-ecological transformation along development corridors in Kenya, Tanzania and Namibia taking an inter- and transdisciplinary perspective. Together with researchers from the University of Bonn and Cologne, as well as other external partners, ZEF has been and will be playing a prominent role in the CRC. Professors Christian Borgemeister and Jan Börner were already co-leading research projects in the first phase as so-called principal investigators (PI). In the second phase, Jun-Prof. Lisa Biber-Freudenberger will become a third PI from ZEF. In their research, the three PIs are going to look at different aspects of socio-ecological transformation and future rural development, ranging from infectious diseases to ecotourism and road development. In the first phase, the CRC looked at conservation and intensification as important processes determining future rural development. In the second phase, “infrastructuring” will be considered as a third process that is interacting with the other two. “The development of roads is shaping the development and future of many rural areas across Africa in a significant way. I am looking forward to the opportunity to better understand how road development affects biodiversity and livelihoods and to play a role in this second phase of the CRC.” says Lisa Biber-Freudenberger.

Podcast - EKLIPSE about environmental regulation, business and biodiversity featuring Lisa Biber-Freudenberger

Lisa Biber-Freudenberger (Center for Development Research - ZEF) and Janina Grabs (ETH Zurich's Environmental Policy Lab) talked about the fact that our food production systems depend on biodiversity and ecosystem services. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), such as farmers and other food producers, are currently struggling with market prices for their products and at the same time producing more sustainably.

To listen and learn more about how environmental regulators can support SMEs to enhance environmental sustainability, listen to the podcast episode on Environmental regulation, business and biodiversity by EKLIPSE.

Lisa Biber-Freudenberger presented at ZEF Colloquium about "Science Policy Interface: Land Use Synergies and Conflicts"