Aline Rose Barbosa Pereira

Research themes
  • Governance
  • Environmental and climate change
  • Development Politics
  • Governance and conflict
Research countries
  • Brazil
Additional information

First supervisor: Prof. Dr. Conrad Schetter, BICC, Bonn; Second supervisor: Prof. Dr. Antonio Giménez Merino, Faculty of Law, University of Barcelona; Tutor at ZEF: Dr. Wolfram Laube

Degrees

Master of Laws (2012)

Funding institutions

BMZ via DAAD

Thesis title

Iron-ore mining in Minas Gerais: local grievances, national policies and global demands - legal fields under dispute in socio-environmental conflicts

Thesis abstract

This research addresses environmental law enforcement in a mining-related conflict. While the relationship between mining and development remains disputed, research across disciplines acknowledges the disruptive effects open pit mining imposes on nature and society. Large-scale open pit mining, more often than not, affects local communities’ livelihoods and ways of living very negatively. Potential economic benefits hinge, if at all possible, on strong institutions. In the conflicts that typically arise against this backdrop, different actors appropriate and use existing rules to promote or oppose mining initiatives both outside and within institutional spaces. Social expectations towards existing laws to solve conflicts are by and large frustrated. In this research, I investigate how environmental laws were interpreted and applied within an institutional arena, the environmental licensing process of the Minas-Rio iron ore mining project, conducted by the environmental authority of Minas Gerais, Brazil. For an in-depth qualitative study, I have selected one of the biggest and most recent iron ore mining projects in the state of Minas Gerais. Documental research at the archives of government authorities; semi-structured interviews with key actors from local communities, municipal authorities, environmental authorities, activists, researchers, and lawyers representing the mining sector, among others; as well as participant observation of public sessions underly the proposed analysis. Based on the theoretical debate on legal proceduralization, I focus on participation and information and how they were (dis)regarded along the process. While legal proceduralization has been debated and promoted as a governance strategy since the 1980s, the findings of this research show some of its pitfalls and detrimental effects, contributing to this theoretical debate, especially in the context of a developing country.

2022

Dennis Avilés Irahola; Alejandro Mora-Motta; Aline Barbosa Pereira; Luna Bharati; Lisa Biber-Freudenberger; Christian Petersheim; Melissa R. Quispe-Zuniga; Christine B. Schmitt; Eva Youkhana.  2022.  Integrating scientific and local knowledge to address environmental conflicts: the role of academia.  Hum Ecol, 50   : 911-923   . (Open Access)   Further Information

2020

Editors: Wolfram Laube, Aline Rose Barbosa Pereira.  2020.  'Civilizing' Resource Investments and Extractivism: Societal negotiations and the role of law.  LIT Verlag. Wien. Further Information

2019

Aline Rose Barbosa Pereira.  2019.  Taking Sides in Scientific Research? The Struggle for the Right to Participate in Public Decision-Making Related to a Mining Project in Brazil.  In: Isabel Feichtner, Markus Krajewski, Ricarda Rösch (eds.): Human Rights in the Extractive Industries. Springer Interdisciplinary Studies in Human Rights.   415-454.  Further Information

2018

Aline R. B. Pereira; Wolfram Laube.  2018.  Knowledge Politics in Environmental Conflicts A Case from Brazil.  Gestión y Ambiente, ISSN 0124-177X, ISSN-e 2357-5905, Vol. 21, Nº. 2, 2018   : 30-46   . (Open Access)   Review

2016

Aline R. B. Pereira.  2016.  CHALLENGES TO LOCAL POPULATIONS AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION IN THE FACE OF IRON ORE MINING IN BRAZIL. In: ZEF NEWS n. 34.  Further Information

2015

PEREIRA, A. R. Barbosa; ISAÍAS, T. L. Santana.  2015.  Public participation and recognition: an analysis of Vila Viva program. In: XXVI World Congress of Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy of the Internationale Vereinigunf für Rechts und Sozialphilosophie, 2015. Human Rights, Rule of Law and the Cont.  https://www.dropbox.com/s/rremniybg8stqv1/IVR2013_SWS54_06.pdf?dl=0

Additionals, Curriculum Vitae
and Downloads

Aline Rose Barbosa Pereira

Senior Researcher

Phone:
+49-228-73-1728

Division/Group:
Cultural and Political Change

E-Mail:
alinerbpereira(at)daad-alumni.de