Dr. Heike Baumüller

Research themes
  • Growth, inequality and poverty
  • Food and nutrition
  • New Technologies
  • Agriculture, land use, climate change
  • Innovation and science policy
Research countries
  • Ghana
  • Kenya
  • Uganda
  • South Africa
  • Nigeria
  • Senegal
  • Mali
  • Sierra Leone
Research projects

PARI - Program of Accompanying Research for Agricultural Innovation

TIGA - Ex-ante technology assessment and farm household segmentation for inclusive poverty reduction and sustainable productivity growth in agriculture

MARGIP - Marginality Reduction for Enhanced Investments for and with the Poorest

Professional experience

Senior Research Fellow, Chatham House, London

Southeast Asia Coordinator, Trade Knowledge Network, Phnom Penh

Programme Manager, Environment and Natural Resources, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, Geneva


PhD Agricultural Sciences, Center for Development Research, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bonn

Master of Environmental Studies, Macquarie University, Australia

BSc Hons Cognitive Science, University of Exeter, UK


Getahun, T.D., Fetene, G.M., Baumüller, H. and Kubik, Z.  2024.  Exploring the relationship between job quality and firm productivity in the manufacturing sector.  Further Information
Getahun, T.D., Fetene, G.M., Baumüller, H. and Kubik, Z.  2024.  Gender gaps in wages and non-monetary benefits: Evidence from Ethiopia’s manufacturing sector.  Further Information
Nyangau, P., Abro, Z., Ecuru, J., Kassie, M., Mukiibi, S., Baumüller, H. and von Braun J.  2024.  Strengthening Start-Up Ecosystems for Bio-Based Innovations in the Food Sector: Lessons from East Africa.  Further Information
Rajkhowa, P. and Baumüller, H.  2024.  Assessing the potential of ICT to increase land and labour productivity in agriculture: Global and regional perspectives.  Journal of Agricultural Economics, 75(2)   : 477-503   . (Open Access)   Further Information


Baumüller, H.  2023.  Digital services in the food and agriculture sectors of developing countries.  In: F. Gallouj, C. Gallouj, M.-C. Monnoyer and L. Rubalcaba (eds.): Elgar Encyclopedia of Services. Edward Elgar Publishing.   468-470.  Further Information
Baumüller, H., Ikpi, U., Jumpah, E.T., Kamau, G.M., Kergna, A.O., Mose, L., Nientao, A., Omari, R., Phillip, D. and Salasya, B.D.  2023.  Building digital bridges in African value chains: Exploring linkages between ICT use and social capital in agricultural marketing.  Journal of Rural Studies, 100   : 103002   . Further Information
Baumüller, H., Kubik, Z. and Getahun T. D.  2023.  Mechanization and automation in Africa’s agroprocessing sector: Implications for jobs and skill needs.  Further Information
Chichaibelu, B.B., Baumüller, H. and Matschuck M.A.  2023.  Protecting the Data of African Agricultural Producers: A Review of National Laws, Compliance and Perceptions.  Law, Innovation and Technology, 15(2)   . (Open Access)   Further Information
Schilling, F., Baumüller, H., Ecuru, J. and von Braun, J.  2023.  Carbon farming in Africa: Opportunities and challenges for engaging smallholder farmers.  Further Information
Walakira, J.K., Hinrichsen, E., Tarus, V., Langi, S., Ibrahim, N.A., Badmus, O., Aziz, A. and Baumüller, H.  2023.  Scaling aquaculture for food security and employment in Africa: Insights from Egypt, Kenya and Nigeria.  Further Information


Baumüller, H., Ikpi, U., Jumpah, E.T., Kamau, G.M., Kergna, A.O., Mose, L., Nientao, A., Omari, R., Phillip, D. and Salasya, B.D.  2022.  Documenting the digital transformation of African agriculture: Use and impact of digital technologies among agricultural intermediaries.  Further Information
Hinrichsen, E., Walakira, J.K., Langi, S., Ibrahim, N.A., Tarus, V., Badmus, O. and Baumüller, H.  2022.  Prospects for Aquaculture Development in Africa: A review of past performance to assess future potential.  Further Information
Kieti, J., Waema, T.M., Baumüller, H., Ndemo, E.B. and Omwansaa, T.K.  2022.  What really impedes the scaling out of digital services for agriculture? A Kenyan users’ perspective.  Smart Agricultural Technology, 2   : 100034   . (Open Access)   Further Information


Adzawla, W. and Baumüller, H.  2021.  Effects of livelihood diversification on gendered climate vulnerability in Northern Ghana.  Environment, Development and Sustainability, 23   : 923–946   . (Open Access)   Further Information
Baumüller, H., Admassie, A., Hendriks, S., Tadesse, G. and von Braun, J.  2021.  From Potentials to Reality: Transforming Africa’s Food Production.  Peter Lang. Berlin. Further Information
Kieti, J., Waema, T.W., Ndemo, E.B., Omwansa, T.K. and Baumüller, H.  2021.  Sources of value creation in aggregator platforms for digital services in agriculture - insights from likely users in Kenya.  Digital Business, 1(2)   : 100007   . (Open Access)   Further Information
Nshakira Rukundo, E., J. Kamau, and H. Baumüller.  2021.  Determinants of uptake and strategies to improve agricultural insurance in Africa: A review.  Environment and Development Economics, doi:10.1017/S1355770X21000085   . (Open Access)   Further Information
von Braun, J. and Baumüller, H.  2021.  AI/Robotics and the Poor.  In: von Braun J., Archer, M.S., Reichberg, G.M. and Sánchez Sorondo, M. (eds.): Robotics, AI, and Humanity. Springer.   85-97.  (Open Acess)  Further Information


Adzawla, W., Baumüller, H., Donkoh, S.A. and Serra, R.  2020.  Effects of climate change and livelihood diversification on the gendered productivity gap in Northern Ghana.  Climate and Development, 12(8)   : 743-755   . Further Information
Baumüller, H. and Addom, B.K.  2020.  The enabling environments for the digitalization of African agriculture.  In: Resnick, D., Diao, X. and Tadesse, G. (eds.): 2020 Annual Trends and Outlook Report: Sustaining Africa's agrifood system transformation. International Food Policy Research Institute and Akademiya2063.   159-173.  (Open Acess)  Further Information


Baumüller, H. and Kah, M.M.O.  2019.  Going digital: harnessing the power of emerging technologies for the transformation of Southern African agriculture.  In: Sikora R.A., Terry E.R., Vlek P.L.G., and Chitja J. (eds.): Transforming Agriculture in Southern Africa: Constraints, Technologies, Policies and Processes. Routledge.   (Open Acess)  Further Information


Baumüller, H.  2018.  The Little We Know: An Exploratory Literature Review on the Utility of Mobile Phone-Enabled Services for Smallholder Farmers.  Journal of International Development, 30 (1)   : 134–154   . Further Information
Getahun, T., Baumüller, H. and Nigussie, Y.  2018.  From agricultural to economic growth: targeting investments across Africa (ZEF Discussion Paper No. 252).  EF – D iscussion Papers on Development Policy No. 252 Further Information


Baumüller, H.  2017.  Towards Smart Farming? Mobile Technology Trends and their Potential for Developing Country Agriculture.  In: K.E. Skouby, I. Williams and A. Gyamfi (eds.): Handbook for ICT in developing countries: 5G perspectives. River Publishers.   191-201. 


Baumüller, H.  2016.  Are mAgriculture applications living up to expectations? A critical review of empiricial evidence and methodologies (Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on M4D Mobile Communication Technology for Development).  Further Information
Baumüller, H.  2016.  Agricultural Service Delivery Through Mobile Phones: Local Innovation and Technological Opportunities in Kenya.  In: F.W. Gatzweiler and J. von Braun (eds.): Technological and Institutional Innovations for Marginalized Smallholders in Agricultural Development. Springer.   143-159.  (Open Acess)  Further Information


Baumüller, H.  2015.  Assessing the Role of Mobile Phones in Offering Price Information and Market Linkages: The Case of M-Farm in Kenya.  The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, 68 (6)   : 1-16   . Further Information
Baumüller, H.  2015.  Agricultural Innovation and Service Delivery through Mobile Phones: Analyses in Kenya.  Doctoral Thesis at  Faculty of Agriculture.  University of Bonn   Further Information


Baumüller, H., Husmann, C. and von Braun, J.  2014.  Innovative Business Approaches for the Reduction of Extreme Poverty and Marginality?.  In: J. von Braun and F. Gatzweiler (eds.): Marginality: Addressing the Nexus of Poverty, Exclusion and Ecology. Springer.   331-351.  (Open Acess)  Further Information
Gatzweiler, F. and Baumüller, H.  2014.  Marginality—A Framework for Analyzing Causal Complexities of Poverty.  In: J. von Braun and F. Gatzweiler (eds.): Marginality: Addressing the Nexus of Poverty, Exclusion and Ecology. Springer.   27-40.  (Open Acess)  Further Information


Baumüller, H.  2013.  Emerging Technologies and the WTO: Comparing Biotechnology and Nanotechnology Regulations in the EU and the US.  In: G. van Calster and D. Prévost (eds.): Research Handbook on Environment, Health and the WTO. Cheltenham and Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing.   700-727. 
Baumüller, H..  2013.  Mobile Technology Trends and their Potential for Agricultural Development (ZEF Working Paper No. 123).  Further Information
Baumüller, H..  2013.  Enhancing smallholder market participation through mobile phone-enabled services: The case of M-Farm in Kenya (paper presented at INFORMATIK 2013). 


Baumüller, H..  2012.  Facilitating agricultural technology adoption among the poor: The role of service delivery through mobile phones (ZEF Working Paper No. 93).  ZEF Working Papers 93 Further Information
Baumüller, H. and Lazarus, K..  2012.  Agribusiness investments in Laos PDR: Opportunities and Challenges for Poverty Reduction (for Oxfam HK).  Hong Kong: Oxfam Hong Kong


Baumüller, H., Donnelly, E., Vines, A. and Weimer M..  2011.  The Effects of Oil Companies’ Activities on the Environment, Health and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa (for Chatham House).  Brussels: European Parliament. Further Information
Baumüller, H., Ladenburger, C. and von Braun, J..  2011.  Innovative Business Approaches for the Reduction of Extreme Poverty and Marginality? (ZEF Working Paper No. 80).  ZEF Working Paper No. 80. Bonn: Center for Development Research, University of Bonn Further Information
Gatzweiler, F.W., Baumüller, H., Ladenburger, C. and von Braun, J..  2011.  Marginality: Addressing the Root Causes of Extreme Poverty (ZEF Working Paper No. 77).  Working Paper No. 77. Bonn: ZEF Further Information


Baumüller, H.  2010.  Aligning Climate and Development Agendas in the Mekong Region: Options for Regional Collaboration between Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos (for Chatham House).  London: Chatham House. Further Information
Baumüller, H.  2010.  Building a Low Carbon Future for Vietnam: Technological and other needs for climate change mitigation and adaptation (for Chatham House).  London: Chatham House Further Information


Baumüller, H.  2009.  Competing for Business: Sustainable Development Impacts of Investment Incentives in Southeast Asia (for IISD).  Trade Knowledge Network. Winnipeg: IISD Further Information


Baumüller, H.  2008.  Prospects and drivers for agricultural change in the Mekong region: The case of rubber, rice and sugar (for WWF).  Vientiane: WWF Greater Mekong Programme Further Information


Baumüller, H.  2007.  Fisheries - Environmental impacts of trade liberalization.  Rapid Trade and Environment Assessment Project. Winnipeg: IISD Further Information
Baumüller, H. and Bolo, M. (eds.).  2007.  Biotechnology: Eastern African Perspectives on Sustainable Development and Trade Policy.  Geneva: ICTSD Further Information
Baumüller, H., Oliva, M.J. and Mohan, S.  2007.  Biotechnology: Addressing Key Trade and Sustainability Issues.  Geneva: ICTSD Further Information


Baumüller, H. and Oliva, M.J.  2006.  WTO/EC Biotech Panel Report: Key Issues and Implications.  Environmental Policy and Law Journal, 36(6)   : 257-264   .


Baumüller, H.  2005.  Trade in Biotechnology: Development and the Clash of Collective Preferences.  In: R. Meléndez-Ortiz and V. Sanchez (eds.): Trading in Genes: Development Perspectives on Biotechnology, Trade and Sustainability. Earthscan and ICTSD.   57-76. 


Baumüller, H.  2004.  Domestic Import Regulations for Genetically Modified Organisms and their Compatibility with WTO Rules.  Asian Biotechnology and Development Review , 6(3)   : 33-42   .


Baumüller, H.  2001.  The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety – Environmental Perspectives.  Environmental and Planning Law Journal , 18(1)   : 46-53   .

Additionals, Curriculum Vitae
and Downloads

Heike Baumüller

Senior Researcher


Economic and Technological Change


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