Analysis of biogas production potential based on livestock dung availability: A case of household biogas plants in Nepal

October 13, 2022 | 13:30 h - 14:30 h

This talk discusses an analysis of the potential for household-scale biogas production based on cattle and buffalo dung in three geographical regions of Nepal. A field survey was conducted in 240 livestock-holding households, and data on daily fresh dung yield were obtained from 210 livestock individuals classified into four categories: mature buffalo (>3 years), young buffalo (≤3 years), mature cattle (>3 years) and young cattle (≤3 year). The data were collected in three different seasons with varying temperatures and humidity. The energy values of the dung were experimentally measured. The results showed that the average daily dung yield per livestock in the monsoon was higher than that of the other seasons, for all geographical regions, because of higher fodder availability. Despite the highest livestock number per household in the mountains as compared to the hills and lowlands, the net availability of dung in the mountains was only about 30% of that of the other two regions due to the lower availability of fodder. Fodder availability, livestock herding hours, quality of dung and seasonal variations were found to be important parameters in determining the net potential biogas production. Based on these findings, measures to increase biogas production from available dung are discussed and generalized. 

Background speaker: Dr. Narayan Prasad Adhikari has been working as a Director in the Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC), Ministry of Energy, Water Resources & Irrigation, Government of Nepal. At AEPC, as a head of the technology division, he has led different renewable energy projects primarily focused on off-grid areas supported by various development agencies. He has more than 15 years of professional experience in the Renewable Energy Sector of the country. He completed his Ph.D. in resource analysis of renewable energy at the Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Germany.    

The hybrid lecture will take place in ZEF's conference room and can be followed via Zoom.

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Fazlullah Akhtar

Dr. Fazlullah Akhtar