ATSAF- Allg. News 15-2007


December 06, 2007.  

Liebe Bezieher und Bezieherinnen unserer News,

 

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Mit den besten Gruessen,

Nicole Flick, Volker Hoffmann

____________________________________________

1. 200 zusätzliche Stellen für Professorinnen an den Hochschulen

2. Technology alone will not solve energy crisis

3. Uni. Göttingen/Germany and Uni. Canterbury/New Zealand offer

an integrated bi-national Master´s programme in International

Nature Conservation.

4. Zero tillage reduces irrigation demand in South Asia

5. Brazil launches US$23 billion science plan

6. Crop research 'must switch to climate adaptation'

____________________________________________

1.

200 zusätzliche Stellen für Professorinnen an den Hochschulen

 

Bund und Länder haben sich am Montag auf ein Programm

geeinigt, dass in

den kommenden fünf Jahren 200 neue Stellen für Professorinnen

an den

deutschen . Hochschulen schaffen soll. Dafür stellt das

Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF) insgesamt

75 Millionen Euro zur Verfügung, die Länder beteiligen sich anteilig

an dem Gesamtvolumen von 150 Millionen Euro. Das Programm

und seine Finanzierung wurden auf der diesjährigen Sitzung der

Bund-Länder-Kommission für Bildungsplanung und

Forschungsförderung in Bonn beschlossen.

 

www.vdbiol.de/content/e5/e224/index_ger.html

2

Quelle vbiol Newsletter 43-2007

____________________________________________

2.

Technology alone will not solve energy crisis

 

www.scidev.net/Editorials/index.cfm

s&itemi

d=232&language=1 The world must not miss its second chance to

take a

radically different approach to energy consumption.

 

Source: SciDev.Net Weekly Update: 12 - 19 November 2007

 

____________________________________________

3.

Uni. Göttingen/Germany and Uni. Canterbury/New Zealand offer

an integrated bi-national Master´s programme in International

Nature Conservation.

 

Admission criteria are previous special experiences and expertise

in

international nature conservation and a six semester Bachelor

degree in

Biodiversity and Ecology or equivalent fields.

 

The students study one semester at Georg-August-Universität

Göttingen/Germany and one at Lincoln University/New Zealand

and have to

attend one practical semester. The studies focus on international

problems

in nature conservation, with a broad basis in conservation biology.

The

main rationale of the programme is learning by contrasts between

countries

and circumstances to meet contemporary demands of local,

regional and

global nature conservation issues. The content and structure of the

degree

has been endorsed by an advisory board consisting of

professionals working

at international conservation organisations.

 

In order to distribute information on this Master´s Program more

widely, I

would be happy if you could publish the text of the attached file on

your

homepage or in your Newsletter.

 

For further information see the internet:

 

<http://www.uni-goettingen.de/minc>

www.uni-goettingen.de/minc

 

Source and contact: Dr. Matthias Waltert, Department of

Conservation Biology,

Centre for Nature Conservation, Georg-August-Universität, Von-

Siebold-Strasse 2

7075 Göttingen/Germany

phone: +49-551-392313

fax: +49-551-399234

e-mail: mwalter@gwdg.de

 

____________________________________________

4.

Zero tillage reduces irrigation demand in South Asia

www.scidev.net/News/index.cfm

id=4033&langu

age=1 In a report released last month, the World Bank highlights a

simple

trick to save on irrigation while boosting crop yields in South Asia.

Source: SciDev.Net Weekly Update: 5 - 12 November 2007

 

____________________________________________

5.

 

Brazil launches US$23 billion science plan

The plan will increase human resources in scientific research

[RIO DE JANEIRO] A new science plan, aiming to strengthen the

role of science, technology and innovation in sustainable

development, has been launched by Brazil. Brazilian president Luiz

Inácio Lula da Silva presented the four-year 'Plan of Action for

Science, Technology and Innovation' yesterday (20 November) in

Brasilia. The government will invest almost US$23 billion, half from

the Ministry of Science and Technology and half from the

ministries of Mines and Energy, Health, Education, Agriculture, and

the National Bank of Economic and Social Development.

Scientific institutions, parliamentarians and ministries have been

discussing the plan since the beginning of the year. It has four

strategic priorities.

The first is to expand and consolidate the National System of

Science, Technology and Innovation, which includes increasing

human resources in scientific research and improving research

and educational infrastructure.

Promoting innovation in the industry sector is the second priority.

Next year, federal agencies will offer approximately US$267 million

of tax-rebates and funds to companies to develop research and

development.

The last two priorities are to support research and innovation in

strategic areas, particularly biotechnology, biofuels and

biodiversity; and to foster science popularisation and education.

Luiz Antonio Rodrigues Elias, executive secretary at the Ministry of

Science and Technology, told SciDev.Net that the merit of the plan

is to consider not only what must be done in the science sector but

also incorporate the developments and needs of other sectors

associated with science, such as health, education and

agribusiness. "This is an integrated and horizontal plan," he says.

"Besides looking at the science dimension, it creates a system of

articulated governance among the diverse ministries."

Carla Almeida , 21 November 2007, Source: SciDev.Net

____________________________________________

6.

Crop research 'must switch to climate adaptation'

Crops must be made more resilient to drought

[HYDERABAD] Climate-change and crop experts have called for a

paradigm shift in agricultural research to focus on making plants

more resilient to global warming rather than on increasing yields.

Martin Parry, co-chair of the UN Intergovernmental Panel on

Climate Change and William Dar, director-general of the

International Centre for Research in Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)

in Hyderabad, India, said the focus of crop research should be

reoriented towards adaptation to environmental stress, such as

rising temperatures and water scarcity.

"Adaptation is crucial. Drought-proofing of crops by developing

heat-resistant varieties is probably one of the key elements," said

Parry at an international symposium on climate change yesterday

(22 November).

Dar said changes in climate will alter populations and the

geographic spread of pests and pathogens, which also need to be

countered with more resistant plant varieties.

Experts from ICRISAT urged governments and international donor

agencies to invest more in crop research in view of the adverse

projections on agriculture due to global warming. They said focus

should shift to crops such as pearl millets and sorghum that grow

in arid and semi-arid tropics.

Refocusing research in this way would have implications in training

programmes for plant breeders and agricultural education

systems, they say.

Production of rice, staple food of billions, most of whom live in poor

countries, will be the most affected by global warming, as higher

temperatures shift the time of pollination and affect grain formation,

said Dyno Keatinge, ICRISAT deputy director-general.

Increased frequency of droughts as a result of global warming will

reduce crop production, with most of the people vulnerable to

hunger being in Africa, said Parry. He warned that the world is

already starting to witness global warming, with a half-degree

Celsius rise in average global temperatures in the past century,

and a further 0.6 degree increase expected from the world's

present levels of greenhouse-gas emissions.

Colin Chartres, director-general of the International Water

Management Institute in Sri Lanka, said it is time for climate

scientists to scale down global-warming models to be more region-

specific, and even river-basin-specific, in order to determine

appropriate water-management strategies in agriculture.

Dar said ICRISAT's strategy looks at climate change in two time

frames: a short-to-medium-term strategy to help farmers cope

better with rainfall variability, and a medium-to-long-term strategy

to adapt crops such as pearl millet, sorghum, chickpea, groundnut

and pigeon pea to grow in a warmer world.

T. V. Padma, 23 November 2007, Source: SciDev.Net

 

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