WATSAN-AGRICULTURE: Guiding pro-poor investments in the nexus among domestic water quality and quantity, sanitation and hygiene, and agriculture from the bottom-up


Water quality, Water Quantity, Sanitation, Hygiene, Agriculture, Nexus, Health and Nutrition


Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Bangladesh


(1) identifying the critical sets of the tradeoffs between and synergies among domestic water quality and quantity, sanitation and hygiene and agriculture irrigation Systems
(2) enhancing investments in technological and institutional arrangements for improving capacities of rural and peri-urban communities connected to multi-purpose water systems; and
(3) strengthening the capacity of households and communities to monitor and manage their own WATSAN environment, including to serve accelerated ‘ground truthing’ for the international monitoring schemes.


Conducting experiments and quasi experiments, Statistical and econometric Analysis

Target group: children, households, farmers and communities in the areas where water is used for multi-purposes; where drinking water, sanitation services, and hygiene conditions are seriously deficient, and where health and nutrition situations are particularly adverse.

Main Cooperation Partners

  • Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA), Ethiopia
  • Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research (ISSER), Ghana
  • Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI) through Indian Institute of Public Health Gandhinagar (IIPHG), India
  • BRAC in Bangladesh

Main Funding Partners

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation


Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: the missing link with agriculture
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Duration of the Project

May 2012 – December 2015

Project Homepage


Nicolas Gerber

Dr. Nicolas Gerber