TIGA - Ex-ante technology assessment and farm household segmentation for inclusive poverty reduction and sustainable productivity growth in agriculture


Poverty strata, cropping technology innovations, adoption, inclusion, access


Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Ghana, India (Odisha, Bihar)


The objective of this project is to enhance the inclusion of all poor small farming communities in agricultural technology innovations. Specifically, the project “Technology assessment and farm household segmentation for inclusive poverty reduction and sustainable productivity growth in agriculture” (TIGA) seeks to create a thorough understanding of the interactions between technology needs, farming systems, ecological resources and poverty characteristics in the different strata of the poor, and to link these insights with technology assessments in order to guide action to overcome current barriers to technology access and adoption. In support of the objective to enable all segments of the poor to benefit from crop technology innovations (directly or by secondary growth linkages) the project also aims at identifying technology choices in combination with additional innovation measures for reaching all strata of the rural poor.
Objective 1: Undertake a market segmentation of the rural poor across different agro-ecological zones and identify barriers that prevent each group from accessing agricultural technologies.

  • Develop maps overlaying poverty incidences and agro-ecological environments (including spatial linkages to ‘bread basket’ areas) for Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia in cooperation with partners.
  • Describe and characterize the market segments/strata of the poor for each agro-ecology zone and associated farming system.
  • Identify social, ecological and cultural barriers (marginality barriers) across the market segments/strata of the poor that hinder access to and adoption of new agricultural technologies in the surveyed areas.

Objective 2: Conduct an ex ante assessment of major agricultural crop innovations and productivity growth programs to evaluate their potentials with respect to the different poverty strata/market segments.

  • Design a comprehensive ex-ante assessment methodology that captures direct and indirect effects of technological change and agricultural growth (technology multipliers and spatial linkages within and between marginal and high potential areas).
  • Undertake needs assessments across the different poverty strata/market segments for the relevant technology options in the study areas.
  • Map characteristics of agricultural technologies suitable for the study areas across needs of different strata to identify crop technology priorities across groups as well as requirements for R&D and institutional/policy interventions to overcome the identified barriers.

Objective 3: Identify options for extending access to and uptake of major crop innovations to include all strata of the rural poor (directly or indirectly).

  • Assess major programs of public and private sector entities that are designed to foster agricultural productivity growth in the study areas for their reach of the different market segments/strata of the poor.
  • Map gaps in reach of programs with respect to different market segments/strata.
  • Help design options to reach currently marginalized strata that would have the potential for the adoption of new agricultural technologies in the context of an African Green Revolution and foster multiplier effects of technology innovations.

Objective 4: Facilitate coordinated efforts across development actors and engagement of the poor to overcome marginality barriers and scale up technology coverage across different market segments.

  • Develop communication strategies and platforms to form networks of development practitioners for overcoming marginality barriers.
  • Explore the use of new communication technologies to include the voice of the different strata of poor farmers in the dialogue.
  • Develop a roll-out strategy for each study area based on the assessment of demand and supply across different market segments/poverty strata and crop technologies.


Main Cooperation Partners

<link http: www.brac.net _blank external-link-new-window external link in new>BRAC, Bangladesh
BRAC is a development organisation dedicated to alleviating poverty byempowering the poor to bring about change in their own lives. Founded in Bangladesh in 1972 they established themselves as a pioneer in recognising and tackling the many different realities of poverty (taken from brac.net).
<link http: www.ifpri.org book-6678 ourwork researcharea south-asia _blank external-link-new-window external link in new>International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), South Asia, Delhi, India
IFPRI seeks sustainable solutions for ending hunger and poverty. IFPRI is one of 15 centers supported by the <link http: www.cgiar.org _blank external-link-new-window external link in new>Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, an alliance of 64 governments, private foundations, and international and regional organizations (taken from ifpri.org).
<link http: www.eeaecon.org _blank external-link-new-window external link in new>Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA), Ethiopia
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA) is a non-profit making, non-political and non-religious professional Association engaged in Economic research, training, organization of International and National conferences and round table discussions on the Ethiopian economy (taken from eeaecon.org).  
<link http: www.fara-africa.org _blank external-link-new-window external link in new>Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA), Ghana
FARA is the Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa, an umbrella organization bringing together and forming coalitions of major stakeholders in agricultural research and development in Africa (taken from fara-africa.org).

Main Funding Partners

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation


please see <link http: www.zef.de publications_marginality.html _blank external-link-new-window external link in new>www.zef.de/publications_marginality.html

Duration of the Project

01.11.2011 - 30.06.2015

Project Homepage
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